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Semiparametrically efficient inference based on signs and ranks for median-restricted models

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  • Marc Hallin
  • Catherine Vermandele
  • Bas J. M. Werker

Abstract

Since the pioneering work of Koenker and Bassett, median-restricted models have attracted considerable interest. Attention in these models, so far, has focused on least absolute deviation (auto-)regression quantile estimation and the corresponding sign tests. These methods use a pseudolikelihood that is based on a double-exponential reference density and enjoy quite attractive properties of root "n" consistency (for estimators) and distribution freeness (for tests). The paper extends these results to general, i.e. not necessarily double-exponential, reference densities. Using residual signs and ranks (not "signed ranks") and a general reference density "f", we construct estimators that remain root "n" consistent, irrespective of the true underlying density "g" (i.e. also for "g" /="f"). However, instead of reaching semiparametric efficiency bounds under double-exponential "g", they reach these bounds when "g" coincides with the chosen reference density "f". Moreover, we show that choosing reference densities other than the double-exponential in applications can lead to sizable gains in efficiency. The particular case of median regression is treated in detail; extensions to general quantile regression, heteroscedastic errors and time series models are briefly described. The performance of the method is also assessed by simulation and illustrated on financial data. Copyright (c) 2008 The Authors.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Hallin & Catherine Vermandele & Bas J. M. Werker, 2008. "Semiparametrically efficient inference based on signs and ranks for median-restricted models," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 70(2), pages 389-412.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jorssb:v:70:y:2008:i:2:p:389-412
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Marc Hallin & Madan Lal Puri, 1994. "Aligned rank tests for linear models with autocorrelated errors," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/2045, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    2. Komunjer, Ivana, 2005. "Quasi-maximum likelihood estimation for conditional quantiles," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 128(1), pages 137-164, September.
    3. Drost, F.C. & Klaassen, C.A.J. & Werker, B.J.M., 1994. "Adaptive estimation in time-series models," Discussion Paper 1994-88, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    4. Swensen, Anders Rygh, 1985. "The asymptotic distribution of the likelihood ratio for autoregressive time series with a regression trend," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 54-70, February.
    5. Koenker, Roger W & Bassett, Gilbert, Jr, 1978. "Regression Quantiles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 33-50, January.
    6. Marc Hallin & Bas Werker, 2003. "Semiparametric efficiency, distribution-freeness, and invariance," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/2119, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    7. Zhou, Yong & Liang, Hua, 2000. "Asymptotic Normality for L1 Norm Kernel Estimator of Conditional Median under [alpha]-Mixing Dependence," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 136-154, April.
    8. Newey, Whitney K, 1990. "Semiparametric Efficiency Bounds," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 5(2), pages 99-135, April-Jun.
    9. Jeganathan, P., 1995. "Some Aspects of Asymptotic Theory with Applications to Time Series Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(05), pages 818-887, October.
    10. Komunjer, Ivana & Vuong, Quang, 2006. "Efficientt Conditional Quantile Estimation: The Time Series Case," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt78842570, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
    11. Hallin, M. & Vermandele, C. & Werker, B.J.M., 2003. "Serial and Nonserial Sign-and-Rank Statistics : Asymptotic Representation and Asymptotic Normality," Discussion Paper 2003-23, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    12. Hallin, M. & Puri, M. L., 1994. "Aligned Rank Tests for Linear Models with Autocorrelated Error Terms," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 175-237, August.
    13. Sherman, Robert P, 1993. "The Limiting Distribution of the Maximum Rank Correlation Estimator," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 61(1), pages 123-137, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hallin, M. & Vermandele, C. & Werker, B.J.M., 2003. "Serial and Nonserial Sign-and-Rank Statistics : Asymptotic Representation and Asymptotic Normality," Discussion Paper 2003-23, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    2. Chen, Min & Zhu, Ke, 2014. "Sign-based specification tests for martingale difference with conditional heteroscedasity," MPRA Paper 56347, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General

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