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Two Dimensions of the Internationalization of Firms

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  • A. Hassel

Abstract

The paper argues that there are two dimensions of internationalization: one which refers to the production activities of firms abroad and one which focuses on the corporate governance dimension of firms. While the first one is well known in the literature on internationalization, the financial dimension has not yet been addressed empirically. At the same time there are indicators that financial internationalization is gaining importance. Using a sample of the 100 largest German companies it shows that both dimensions, the real and the financial dimension, do not co-vary and therefore cannot be combined into one index. Copyright (c) Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2003..

Suggested Citation

  • A. Hassel, 2003. "Two Dimensions of the Internationalization of Firms," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(3), pages 705-723, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jomstd:v:40:y:2003:i:3:p:705-723
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lenn Gomes & Kannan Ramaswamy, 1999. "An Empirical Examination of the Form of the Relationship Between Multinationality and Performance," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 30(1), pages 173-187, March.
    2. Henk De Jong, 1997. "The Governance Structure and Performance of Large European Corporations," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 1(1), pages 5-27, March.
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    5. Kannan Ramaswamy & K Galen Kroeck & William Renforth, 1996. "Measuring the Degree of Internationalization of a firm: A Comment," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 27(1), pages 167-177, March.
    6. John H Dunning, 1998. "Location and the Multinational Enterprise: A Neglected Factor?," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 29(1), pages 45-66, March.
    7. Torben Pedersen & Steen Thomsen, 1997. "European Patterns of Corporate Ownership: A Twelve-Country Study," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 28(4), pages 759-778, December.
    8. Richard E Caves, 1998. "Research on International Business: Problems and Prospects," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 29(1), pages 5-19, March.
    9. Allen, Franklin & Gale, Douglas, 1995. "A welfare comparison of intermediaries and financial markets in Germany and the US," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 179-209, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ning Jia, 2017. "Diversification of pre-IPO ownership and foreign IPO performance," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 48(4), pages 1031-1061, May.
    2. Oehler, Andreas & Wendt, Stefan & Horn, Matthias, 2017. "Are investors really home-biased when investing at home?," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 52-60.
    3. Daniele Cerrato & Mariacristina Piva, 2012. "The internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises: the effect of family management, human capital and foreign ownership," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 16(4), pages 617-644, November.
    4. Capitello, Roberta & Agnoli, Lara, 2007. "Internationalization options for agri-food cooperatives: the case of Veronese Wine Growers Cooperatives," 105th Seminar, March 8-10, 2007, Bologna, Italy 7852, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Lee, In Hyeock & Rugman, Alan M., 2012. "Firm-specific advantages, inward FDI origins, and performance of multinational enterprises," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 132-146.
    6. Cerrato, Daniele & Crosato, Lisa & Depperu, Donatella, 2016. "Archetypes of SME internationalization: A configurational approach," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 286-295.
    7. Garbe, Jan-Nicolas & Richter, Nicole Franziska, 2009. "Causal analysis of the internationalization and performance relationship based on neural networks -- advocating the transnational structure," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 413-431, December.
    8. Chen, Li-Wen & Yu, Hsin-Yi, 2017. "Corporate governance, political involvement, and internationalization: An empirical investigation in Japan and Taiwan," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PA), pages 640-655.
    9. Andreas Oehler & Stefan Wendt & Matthias Horn, 2016. "Internationalization of Blue-Chip versus Mid-Cap Stock Indices: an Empirical Analysis for France, Germany, and the UK," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 44(4), pages 501-518, December.
    10. Curwen, Peter & Whalley, Jason, 2006. "Measuring internationalisation in the mobile telecommunications industry," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 660-681, December.
    11. repec:eee:finlet:v:22:y:2017:i:c:p:175-181 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Halkos, George & Tzeremes, Nickolaos, 2007. "Examining the relationship between firm internationalization and firm performance: A nonparametric analysis," MPRA Paper 32082, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. repec:spr:rvmgts:v:11:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11846-016-0201-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. ., 2014. "Restructuring among mobile service providers: a ten-year perspective," Chapters,in: Mobile Telecommunications Networks, chapter 1, pages 1-25 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    15. Cesinger, Beate & Hughes, Mathew & Mensching, Helge & Bouncken, Ricarda & Fredrich, Viktor & Kraus, Sascha, 2016. "A socioemotional wealth perspective on how collaboration intensity, trust, and international market knowledge affect family firms’ multinationality," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 51(4), pages 586-599.

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