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The Real Determinants of Asset Sales

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  • LIU YANG

Abstract

I develop a dynamic structural model in which a firm makes rational decisions to buy or sell assets in the presence of productivity shocks. By identifying equilibrium asset prices, the model also examines the aggregate asset sales activity over the business cycle. It shows that changes in productivity, rather than productivity levels, affect decisions: Firms with rising productivity buy assets and firms with falling productivity downsize (“rising buys falling”). As such, industries in which firms have less persistent and more volatile productivity experience greater asset reallocation. Using plant‐level data from Longitudinal Research Database (LRD), I find strong support for the model's predictions.

Suggested Citation

  • Liu Yang, 2008. "The Real Determinants of Asset Sales," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 63(5), pages 2231-2262, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:63:y:2008:i:5:p:2231-2262
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6261.2008.01396.x
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    Cited by:

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    2. French, Joseph J. & Fujitani, Ryosuke & Yasuda, Yukihiro, 2020. "Under pressure: Listing status and disinvestment in Japan," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 34(C).
    3. Favara, Giovanni & Morellec, Erwan & Schroth, Enrique & Valta, Philip, 2017. "Debt enforcement, investment, and risk taking across countries," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(1), pages 22-41.
    4. Bruce A. Blonigen & Lionel Fontagné & Nicholas Sly & Farid Toubal, 2019. "Cherries for Sale: The Incidence and Timing of Cross-border M&A," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Foreign Direct Investment, chapter 4, pages 121-177, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    5. Nenavath Sreenu, 2019. "An Econometric Time-Series Analysis of the Dynamic Relationship among Trade, Financial Development and Economic Growth in India," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 9(2), pages 155-165, February.
    6. Nguyen, Giang & Nguyen, Hai, 2019. "Does seller status matter in inter-corporate asset sales?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 97-110.
    7. Maksimovic, Vojislav & Phillips, Gordon & Prabhala, N.R., 2011. "Post-merger restructuring and the boundaries of the firm," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(2), pages 317-343.
    8. Wang, Wenyu, 2018. "Bid anticipation, information revelation, and merger gains," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 128(2), pages 320-343.
    9. Eckbo, B. Espen & Makaew, Tanakorn & Thorburn, Karin S., 2018. "Are stock-financed takeovers opportunistic?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 128(3), pages 443-465.
    10. Habib, Michel A. & Mella-Barral, Pierre, 2013. "Skills, core capabilities, and the choice between merging, allying, and trading assets," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 31-48.
    11. Arnold, Marc & Hackbarth, Dirk & Puhan, Tatjana-Xenia, 2013. "Financing Asset Sales and Business Cycles," Working Papers on Finance 1320, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    12. Levine, Oliver, 2017. "Acquiring growth," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 126(2), pages 300-319.
    13. Li, Di & Taylor, Lucian A. & Wang, Wenyu, 2018. "Inefficiencies and externalities from opportunistic acquirers," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(2), pages 265-290.
    14. Tilan Tang, 2015. "Bidder's Gain: Evidence from Termination Returns," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 15(4), pages 457-487, December.
    15. Nuri Ersahin & Rustom M. Irani & Hanh Le, 2015. "Creditor Control Rights and Resource Allocation within Firms," Working Papers 15-39, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    16. Ray Sugata & Warusawitharana Missaka, 2009. "An Efficiency Perspective on the Gains from Mergers and Asset Purchases," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-27, October.
    17. Humphery-Jenner, Mark & Powell, Ronan & Zhang, Emma Jincheng, 2019. "Practice makes progress: Evidence from divestitures," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 1-19.
    18. Dimopoulos, Theodosios & Sacchetto, Stefano, 2017. "Merger activity in industry equilibrium," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 126(1), pages 200-226.
    19. Xie, Yamin, 2015. "Acquirer performance when founders remain in the firm," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 35(PA), pages 273-297.
    20. C. Fee & Joshua Pierce & Hoontaek Seo & Shan Yan, 2014. "Bank Debt, Flexibility, and the Use of Proceeds from Asset Sales," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 46(1), pages 77-97, August.
    21. Jackson, Scott B. & Rodgers, Theodore C. & Tuttle, Brad, 2010. "The effect of depreciation method choice on asset selling prices," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 757-774, November.
    22. Mufaddal Baxamusa & Saima Javaid & Khadija Harery, 2016. "Why do Firms Purchase Used Assets?," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 16(2), pages 243-264, June.
    23. Wang, Wenyu & Wu, Yufeng, 2020. "Managerial control benefits and takeover market efficiency," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 136(3), pages 857-878.
    24. Van Son Lai & Duc Khuong Nguyen & William Sodjahin & Issouf Soumaré, 2018. "Discretionary Idiosyncratic Risk, Firm Cash Holdings and Investment," Working Papers 2018-008, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
    25. Alain Praet, 2011. "Voluntary firm restructuring: why do firms sell or liquidate their subsidiaries?," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 7(4), pages 449-476, November.

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