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Gendered Nature and Urban Culture: The Dialectics of Gated Developments in Izmir, Turkey


  • Ayona Datta


This article adds to recent debates on the emergence of new forms of private gated developments in Turkey that specifically target the upper middle classes. In particular, it focuses on the rise of residential gated developments along the Izmir-Ceşme expressway to highlight how the dialectics between gender, nature and culture are reinforced in these places. The article, based on a case study of three gated developments in this region, suggests that their production is made possible through a series of dualisms between nature and culture, mobility and fixity, urban public life and gendered domesticity, urban modernity and rural parochialism, polluted city and healthy town. Based on interviews with architects, developers and residents, as well as local-authority officials in Urla town who sanction these developments, this article argues that contradictions between different sets of dualisms form a central aspect of the processes through which these developments were designed, produced, marketed and inhabited. Taken collectively, these contradictions point broadly to the limits of gated communities in creating stable, adaptable and sustainable patterns of development in Turkey and the global South.

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  • Ayona Datta, 2014. "Gendered Nature and Urban Culture: The Dialectics of Gated Developments in Izmir, Turkey," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(4), pages 1363-1383, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ijurrs:v:38:y:2014:i:4:p:1363-1383

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michelle Mycoo, 2006. "The retreat of the upper and middle classes to gated communities in the poststructural adjustment era: the case of Trinidad," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 38(1), pages 131-148, January.
    2. Mimi Sheller, 2000. "The City and the Car," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(4), pages 737-757, December.
    3. Michelle Mycoo, 2006. "The Retreat of the Upper and Middle Classes to Gated Communities in the Poststructural Adjustment Era: The Case of Trinidad," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 38(1), pages 131-148, January.
    4. Sonia Roitman & Nicholas Phelps, 2011. "Do Gates Negate the City? Gated Communities’ Contribution to the Urbanisation of Suburbia in Pilar, Argentina," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 48(16), pages 3487-3509, December.
    5. María José à lvarez-Rivadulla, 2007. "Golden Ghettos: Gated Communities and Class Residential Segregation in Montevideo, Uruguay," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 39(1), pages 47-63, January.
    6. Åžerife GeniÅŸ, 2007. "Producing Elite Localities: The Rise of Gated Communities in Istanbul," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 44(4), pages 771-798, April.
    7. Vincent Kaufmann & Manfred Max Bergman & Dominique Joye, 2004. "Motility: mobility as capital," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(4), pages 745-756, December.
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