Reserves, Sovereign Wealth Funds and the Resilience of Global Imbalances
Reserves and sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) assets should be jointly considered for the assessment of global imbalances, hence their denomination as sovereign external assets (SEAs): both are public capital outflows from developing to developed countries, both hinder adjustment in current account surplus and deficit countries and, therefore, both contribute to sustain global imbalances. They represented 135 per cent and 50 per cent of net and gross US financing needs, respectively, in 2007. Reserves contribute 80 per cent and SWFs 20 per cent. They will go on providing resilience to the global imbalances, and the relative importance of SWFs is set to increase if commodity prices stay high. Copyright 2008 The Authors Journal compilation 2008 Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA.
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Volume (Year): 37 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 (November)
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