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Airline Pricing Behavior Under Limited Inter-Modal Competition

Author

Listed:
  • Angela Stefania Bergantino
  • Claudia Capozza

Abstract

type="main" xml:id="ecin12104-abs-0001"> This paper empirically analyzes airline pricing for short-haul flights in contexts with no credible threat of inter-modal competition. To this end, we explore the southern Italian market since it is less accessible by other transport modes and thus fares are the direct outcome of air-related competition. We show, in fact, that market power matters, depending on the level of intra-modal competition, and that airlines apply differentiated mark-ups. Besides, consistent with the implementation of inter-temporal price discrimination (IPD), we find a non-monotonic inter-temporal profile of fares with a turning point included in the interval of the 43rd to 45th days before departure. Finally, we provide evidence that in more competitive markets, airlines are more likely to engage in IPD. (JEL L11, L13, L93)

Suggested Citation

  • Angela Stefania Bergantino & Claudia Capozza, 2015. "Airline Pricing Behavior Under Limited Inter-Modal Competition," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 53(1), pages 700-713, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ecinqu:v:53:y:2015:i:1:p:700-713
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bergantino, Angela Stefania & Capozza, Claudia, 2014. "One price for all? The role of market captivity as a price discrimination device: evidence from the Italia city-pair markets," Working Papers 14_1, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica.
    2. David Gillen & Tim Hazledine, 2016. "Pricing of Regional Airline Services in Australia and New Zealand, 2011–2015," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 35(2), pages 87-98, June.
    3. Escañuela Romana, Ignacio, 2018. "La elasticidad precio de la demanda de transporte aéreo de pasajeros en los Estados Unidos
      [The price elasticity of demand for air travel in the United States]
      ," MPRA Paper 83572, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Alfaro Navarro, José-Luis & Andrés Martínez, María-Encarnación & Trinquecoste, Jean-François, 2015. "The effect of the economic crisis on the behaviour of airline ticket prices. A case-study analysis of the New York–Madrid route," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 48-53.
    5. Bergantino, Angela Stefania & Capozza, Claudia & Capurso, Mauro, 2015. "The impact of open access on intra- and inter-modal rail competition. A national level analysis in Italy," Working Papers 15_2, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica.
    6. Bergantino, Angela Stefania & Capozza, Claudia & Capurso, Mauro, 2017. "Pricing strategies: who leads and who follows in the air and rail passenger markets in Italy," Working Papers 17_3, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica.
    7. Capozza, Claudia, 2015. "The effect of rail travel time on airline fares: first evidence from the Italian passenger market," Working Papers 15_3, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica.
    8. Varella, Rafael R. & Frazão, Jessica & Oliveira, Alessandro V.M., 2017. "Dynamic pricing and market segmentation responses to low-cost carrier entry," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 151-170.
    9. Alderighi, Marco & Gaggero, Alberto A & Piga, Claudio A, 2016. "The hidden side of dynamic pricing in airline markets," MPRA Paper 71674, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Capozza, Claudia, 2016. "The effect of rail travel time on airline fares: First evidence from the Italian passenger market," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 6(C), pages 18-24.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L93 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Air Transportation

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