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Economic development and environmental management in the uplands of Southeast Asia: challenges for policy and institutional development

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  • Agnes C. Rola
  • Ian Coxhead

Abstract

Using a Philippine case study site, the forces driving the recent evolution of economic behavior and institutional arrangements in upland and forest margin areas of Southeast Asia are considered. In early modern development, subsistence agriculture using long-phase forest-fallow rotations and regulated by customary law was replaced by more intensive, commercially oriented farming systems, a process heavily influenced by internal migration to the agricultural frontier. Traditional land and resource use institutions were quickly displaced during this shift-both "de facto", through the actions of colonists, and "de jure", through the state's assertion of ownership over forests and uplands and the introduction of private title to agricultural lands. Yet the effective implementation of natural resource use constraints lagged substantially behind the pace of agricultural development and forest exploitation, resulting in a period in which high demand for such resources coincided with virtually open access. These processes were noticeably subject to the influence of policies and reforms affecting markets, prices, and institutions. Copyright 2005 International Association of Agricultural Economics.

Suggested Citation

  • Agnes C. Rola & Ian Coxhead, 2005. "Economic development and environmental management in the uplands of Southeast Asia: challenges for policy and institutional development," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 32(s1), pages 243-256, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:agecon:v:32:y:2005:i:s1:p:243-256
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. World Bank, 2000. "Indonesia : Public Spending in a Time of Change," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15140, The World Bank.
    2. Andersen,Lykke E. & Granger,Clive W. J. & Reis,Eustaquio J. & Weinhold,Diana & Wunder,Sven, 2002. "The Dynamics of Deforestation and Economic Growth in the Brazilian Amazon," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521811972, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Coxhead, Ian, 2007. "A New Resource Curse? Impacts of China's Boom on Comparative Advantage and Resource Dependence in Southeast Asia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 1099-1119, July.
    2. Lorenzo Pellegrini, 2007. "The Rule of The Jungle in Pakistan: A Case Study on Corruption and Forest Management in Swat," Working Papers 2007.91, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.

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