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Hidden Unemployment in Bulgaria – Discouraged Worker Effect and Involuntary Underemployment


  • Todor Todorov


The present study deals with certain problems, related to the estimation of the hidden unemployment in Bulgaria. The designed for this purpose methodological approach includes investigation of the discouraged worker effect and involuntary unemployment dynamics in the country for the period 2006-2010. By making a comparative analysis of the structure of unemployed, discouraged workers and the remaining part of the inactive persons based on sex, age, level of education, existence of previous employment experience and reasons for leaving their last job, conclusions are made on the employability of certain groups within the general aggregate of the discouraged persons. The results obtained are used for calculating alternative rates of unemployment compared to the officially announced unemployment figures for the investigated period. The estimated expanded unemployment rates take into account the discouraged workers, who possess economic characteristics similar to those of the unemployed, on one hand, and the weighed amount of the involuntary underemployed, measured against the average duration of the actual working time for all employed – on the other.

Suggested Citation

  • Todor Todorov, 2012. "Hidden Unemployment in Bulgaria – Discouraged Worker Effect and Involuntary Underemployment," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 1, pages 171-199.
  • Handle: RePEc:bas:econst:y:2012:i:1:p:171-199

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Daniel Suryadarma & Asep Suryahadi & Sudarno Sumarto, 2005. "The Measurement and Trends of Unemployment in Indonesia : The Issue of Discouraged Workers," Labor Economics Working Papers 22545, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    2. I Beleva & Richard Jackman & M Nenova-Amar, 1995. "The Labour Market in Bulgaria," CEP Discussion Papers dp0268, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search


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