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Relocation of Industrial Activity – Concentration, Specialisation and Changes of Manufacture Structure in EU Countries


  • Stoyan Totev
  • Grigor Sariiski


This paper analyses the labour intensive industries relocation in EU-27 by exploring the industry concentration, specialization and countries competitiveness. The analysis is based on NACE classification data, Division from 15-37 for EU countries. It has been studied the structural adjustment of the industrial composition and the spatial distribution of the labour intensive industries over time by using various economic indicators and cluster analysis. It has been found that the relocation process leads to specific spatial location of Labour intensive sector in the EU framework. It is argued that the formed countries clusters concerning employment and trade composition of the manufacture industries is not expected to undergo significant changes in the near future as the observed one in the last decades. The potential benefits for the different participants in the delocalisation process are discussed. Possible future scenarios and prospects are foreseen.

Suggested Citation

  • Stoyan Totev & Grigor Sariiski, 2009. "Relocation of Industrial Activity – Concentration, Specialisation and Changes of Manufacture Structure in EU Countries," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 1, pages 35-45.
  • Handle: RePEc:bas:econst:y:2009:i:1:p:35-45

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
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    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)


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