Relocation of Industrial Activity – Concentration, Specialisation and Changes of Manufacture Structure in EU Countries
This paper analyses the labour intensive industries relocation in EU-27 by exploring the industry concentration, specialization and countries competitiveness. The analysis is based on NACE classification data, Division from 15-37 for EU countries. It has been studied the structural adjustment of the industrial composition and the spatial distribution of the labour intensive industries over time by using various economic indicators and cluster analysis. It has been found that the relocation process leads to specific spatial location of Labour intensive sector in the EU framework. It is argued that the formed countries clusters concerning employment and trade composition of the manufacture industries is not expected to undergo significant changes in the near future as the observed one in the last decades. The potential benefits for the different participants in the delocalisation process are discussed. Possible future scenarios and prospects are foreseen.
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Volume (Year): (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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- Paul Krugman, 1990.
"Increasing Returns and Economic Geography,"
NBER Working Papers
3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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