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Clusters in Hungary and in Central Europe


  • Miklós Szanyi


Regional clusters evolved spontaneously at various places in the world following different development patterns. Their success in enhancing competitiveness moved governments and entrepreneurs to copy the patterns. Later on cluster development became part of the European Union’s long-term Lisbon competitiveness program in the form of innovative clusters. This article introduces the basic characteristics and features of regional clusters. Then, it argues that without paying due attention to the proper establishment of the basic features fulfillment of other policy goals, like curbing innovation process, cannot be expected.

Suggested Citation

  • Miklós Szanyi, 2009. "Clusters in Hungary and in Central Europe," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 1, pages 15-34.
  • Handle: RePEc:bas:econst:y:2009:i:1:p:15-34

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 1995. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(4), pages 857-880.
    2. Michael Porter, 2003. "The Economic Performance of Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(6-7), pages 549-578.
    3. repec:hhs:iuiwop:430 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Wagner, Alfred, 1891. "Marshall's Principles of Economics," History of Economic Thought Articles, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, vol. 5, pages 319-338.
    5. Paul Krugman, 1995. "Growing World Trade: Causes and Consequences," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 327-377.
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    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D


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