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An Examination And Critique Of The Outsourcing Concept And Praxis


  • Dakare, Olamitunji

    (University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria)

  • Ikenwa, Kenneth

    (University of Lagos, Akoka,Lagos, Nigeria)


The contemporary relevance of outsourcing as a process that involves the strategic use of outside resources to perform activities that can be usually handled by internal staff of a firm cannot be overemphasized. To this end, studies have shown that, by adopting outsourcing as a strategy numerous benefits abound. This article describes a theoretical investigation and review into what outsourcing really entails. It also highlights strategic benefits of outsourcing as have been promoted by some researchers. The article seeks to unravel and bring to the fore the other side of outsourcing—the challenges, which may have been neglected by individuals and organisations, so as to proffer a control measure which may in turn cushion its effects on business activities especially in emerging market economies and countries of the global south. Furthermore, the article provides a basis for reorganizing the theoretical application and practice of outsourcing in the business world.

Suggested Citation

  • Dakare, Olamitunji & Ikenwa, Kenneth, 2016. "An Examination And Critique Of The Outsourcing Concept And Praxis," Management and Marketing Journal, University of Craiova, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 0(2), pages 151-163, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:aio:manmar:v:xiv:y:2016:i:2:p:151-163

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jason Amaral & Corey A. Billington & Andy A. Tsay, 2006. "Safeguarding the Promise of Production Outsourcing," Interfaces, INFORMS, vol. 36(3), pages 220-233, June.
    2. Dean Elmuti, 2003. "The Perceived Impact of Outsourcing on Organizational Performance," American Journal of Business, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 18(2), pages 33-42.
    3. Kathleen R. Conner & C. K. Prahalad, 1996. "A Resource-Based Theory of the Firm: Knowledge Versus Opportunism," Organization Science, INFORMS, vol. 7(5), pages 477-501, October.
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    More about this item


    outsourcing; supply chain; challenges; strategy; organisations; competitive advantage;

    JEL classification:

    • M10 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - General
    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility


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