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Gender height dimorphism: An approximation of the living Standards in Colombia, 1920-1990


  • Adolfo Meisel-Roca

    (Universidad del Norte)

  • María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo

    (Banco de la República)

  • Daniel Lasso-Jaramillo

    (Universidad de los Andes)


Este artículo analiza la evolución y los determinantes socioeconómicos del dimorfismo en estatura para aproximarse al nivel de vida de los colombianos durante el siglo XX. Utilizando regresiones cuantílicas, se verifica la hipótesis de eco-sensibilidad. En condiciones socioeconómicas adversas, los hombres más altos son más penalizados, y en tiempos buenas, crecen más. Además, las mujeres más altas aprovechan mejor las buenas condiciones económicas. Se encuentra una tendencia creciente en el dimorfismo y entre los cuantiles de estatura. Entre 1920 y 1990, el dimorfismo absoluto aumentó de 9,9 a 11,8 centímetros en el cuantil 10 y de 10,84 a 12,2 centímetros en el cuantil 90. Finalmente, durante el siglo XX, Colombia ha mejorado las condiciones de vida, reflejado en el aumento de la estatura de hombres y mujeres. El nivel socioeconómico de los individuos explica el bienestar biológico y la estatura adulta final. KEY Classification-JEL: I10; I15; N36

Suggested Citation

  • Adolfo Meisel-Roca & María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo & Daniel Lasso-Jaramillo, 2023. "Gender height dimorphism: An approximation of the living Standards in Colombia, 1920-1990," Investigaciones de Historia Económica - Economic History Research (IHE-EHR), Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association, Asociación Española de Historia Económica, vol. 19(02), pages 124-139.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:19:y:2023:i:02:p:124-139

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Dimorfismo; Estatura; Regresión por cuantiles; Niveles de vida;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • N36 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Latin America; Caribbean


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