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Gender, Vocational Education, and Economic Development: The Japanese Experience

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  • Self, Sharmistha
  • Grabowski, Richard

Abstract

Economic development in Japan prior to World War II involved the expansion of labor intensive manufacturing industries that employed a large proportion of women. This was accompanied by the growth in vocational education for women as well as for men. Was the growth in vocational education, especially of women, a result of the economic expansion or a cause? In the postwar period vocational education for women grew slightly, while that for men declined. Was this caused by continued economic growth or did vocational education, especially for women, play a causal role in postwar economic growth? This paper attempts to address these questions using a recently available data set and utilizing the vector error correction methodology. The results indicate that vocational education, especially of females, played a causal role. Thus vocational education may be important in the early stages of growth for today’s developing nations.

Suggested Citation

  • Self, Sharmistha & Grabowski, Richard, 2005. "Gender, Vocational Education, and Economic Development: The Japanese Experience," Review of Applied Economics, Review of Applied Economics, vol. 1(1).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:reapec:143488
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alwyn Young, 1995. "The Tyranny of Numbers: Confronting the Statistical Realities of the East Asian Growth Experience," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(3), pages 641-680.
    2. Granger, C. W. J., 1988. "Some recent development in a concept of causality," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 199-211.
    3. Stephen Knowles & Paula K. Lorgelly, 2002. "Are educational gender gaps a brake on economic development? Some cross-country empirical evidence," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 54(1), pages 118-149, January.
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