IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Lessons for Designing an Entrepreneurship Curriculum: The Case of Two Schools in Laguna, Philippines


  • Espiritu, Dianne I.
  • Depositario, Dinah Pura T.
  • Manipol, Nohreen Ethel P.
  • Tan, Reynaldo L.
  • Baticados, Glenn N.
  • Elizondo, Early John C.


The study compares the personal entrepreneurial competency (PEC) levels of BS in Agribusiness Management (BS ABM) students of UP Los Baños (UPLB) with the PEC levels of the BS in Entrepreneurship (BSE) students of De La Salle University-Science and Technology Complex (DLSU-STC). A comparison of the PECs of the two groups can generate insights which can serve as a source of valuable lessons for the design of the curricular revisions of UPLB’s BS ABM program. Demographic information and responses to 55 PEC-related statements were gathered from students of different year levels in the two schools. The data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test and ordinal logistic analysis and marginal effect analysis. Results reveal that that, except for persistence and goal setting, the BSE students have significantly higher mean scores in all the PECs compared with the BS ABM students. The differences in PEC mean scores are more highly significant between the sophomores of the two schools. The study recommends that the design and sequence of entrepreneurship courses at the Department of Agribusiness Management and Entrepreneurship (DAME) - College of Economics and Management (CEM), UPLB should enable students to experience the whole entrepreneurial process. It should also promote the holding of informal activities which can capture the authenticity of real entrepreneurial situations like business plan competitions and mentoring relationships.

Suggested Citation

  • Espiritu, Dianne I. & Depositario, Dinah Pura T. & Manipol, Nohreen Ethel P. & Tan, Reynaldo L. & Baticados, Glenn N. & Elizondo, Early John C., 2015. "Lessons for Designing an Entrepreneurship Curriculum: The Case of Two Schools in Laguna, Philippines," Journal of Economics, Management & Agricultural Development, Journal of Economics, Management & Agricultural Development (JEMAD), vol. 1(1), June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:pjemad:309263
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.309263

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. von Graevenitz, Georg & Harhoff, Dietmar & Weber, Richard, 2010. "The effects of entrepreneurship education," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 90-112, October.
    2. Roy Thurik & Ingrid Verheul & Isabel Grilo & Reena Bhola, 2006. "Explaining engagement levels of opportunity and necessity entrepreneurs," Scales Research Reports H200610, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Mustapha Bachiri, 2016. "Determinants of Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions: Evidence from Moroccan University," International Business Research, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 9(11), pages 83-89, November.
    2. Clara Cardone-Riportella & María José Casasola-Martinez & Isabel Feito-Ruiz, 2014. "Do Entrepreneurs Come From Venus Or Mars? Impact Of Postgraduate Studies: Gender And Family Business Background," Working Papers 14.04, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Financial Economics and Accounting (former Department of Business Administration), revised Sep 2014.
    3. Renaud Bourlès & Anastasia Cozarenco, 2018. "Entrepreneurial motivation and business performance: evidence from a French Microfinance Institution," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 51(4), pages 943-963, December.
    4. Leonidas A. Zampetakis & Manolis Lerakis & Konstantinos Kafetsios & Vassilis S. Moustakis, 2016. "The moderating role of anticipated affective ambivalence in the formation of entrepreneurial intentions," International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 815-838, September.
    5. Oliver Falck & Ludger Woessmann, 2013. "School competition and students’ entrepreneurial intentions: international evidence using historical Catholic roots of private schooling," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 459-478, February.
    6. Heiko Bergmann, 2017. "The formation of opportunity beliefs among university entrepreneurs: an empirical study of research- and non-research-driven venture ideas," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 42(1), pages 116-140, February.
    7. Hsu, Dan K. & Burmeister-Lamp, Katrin & Simmons, Sharon A. & Foo, Maw-Der & Hong, Michelle C. & Pipes, Jesse D., 2019. "“I know I can, but I don't fit”: Perceived fit, self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intention," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 311-326.
    8. Gabriel Linton & Markus Klinton, 2019. "University entrepreneurship education: a design thinking approach to learning," Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 1-11, December.
    9. Walter, Sascha G. & Block, Jörn H., 2016. "Outcomes of entrepreneurship education: An institutional perspective," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 216-233.
    10. Laura Rosendahl Huber & Randolph Sloof & Mirjam van Praag, 2012. "The Effect of Early Entrepreneurship Education: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-041/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    11. Nicolás Contreras-Barraza & Juan Felipe Espinosa-Cristia & Guido Salazar-Sepulveda & Alejandro Vega-Muñoz, 2021. "Entrepreneurial Intention: A Gender Study in Business and Economics Students from Chile," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(9), pages 1-14, April.
    12. Chien-Chi Tseng, 2012. "Linking Entrepreneurial Infrastructures and New Business Development," Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies, Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India, vol. 21(1), pages 117-132, March.
    13. Francesco Ceresia, 2018. "The Role of Entrepreneurship Education in Fostering Entrepreneurial Intentions and Performances: A Review of 30 Years of Research," Revista Equidad y Desarrollo, Universidad de la Salle, issue 31, pages 47-66, June.
    14. Ratan J. S. Dheer & Len J. Treviño, 2022. "Explaining the rate of opportunity compared to necessity entrepreneurship in a cross-cultural context: Analysis and policy implications," Journal of International Business Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 5(1), pages 29-55, March.
    15. Alexandrina Maria Pauceanu & Onise Alpenidze & Tudor Edu & Rodica Milena Zaharia, 2018. "What Determinants Influence Students to Start Their Own Business? Empirical Evidence from United Arab Emirates Universities," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(1), pages 1-23, December.
    16. Anca-Otilia Dodescu & Elena-Aurelia Botezat & Alexandru Constăngioară & Ioana-Crina Pop-Cohuţ, 2021. "A Partial Least-Square Mediation Analysis of the Contribution of Cross-Campus Entrepreneurship Education to Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(16), pages 1-26, August.
    17. Timo Nevalainen & Jaana Seikkula-Leino & Maria Salomaa, 2021. "Team Learning as a Model for Facilitating Entrepreneurial Competences in Higher Education: The Case of Proakatemia," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(13), pages 1-17, July.
    18. Šárka Čemerková & Liběna Čespivová, 2018. "Ekonomická gramotnost podnikatele," Working Papers 0061, Silesian University, School of Business Administration.
    19. Meoli, Azzurra & Fini, Riccardo & Sobrero, Maurizio & Wiklund, Johan, 2020. "How entrepreneurial intentions influence entrepreneurial career choices: The moderating influence of social context," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 35(3).
    20. Zhang Wei & Li Ji, 2017. "Weak Law v. Strong Ties: An Empirical Study of Business Investment, Law and Political Connections in China," Review of Law & Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 13(1), pages 1-45, March.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:pjemad:309263. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: AgEcon Search (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.