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Understanding Geographic Differences in Child Care Multipliers: Unpacking IMPLAN's Modeling Methodology


  • Liu, Zhilin
  • Warner, Mildred E.


Local service sectors including child care have received increasing interest from scholars and policy makers for their role in regional economic development. The IMPLAN input-output modeling system is the most widely used tool to measure the economic importance of the child care sector. Using state-level IMPLAN models for all 50 states and D.C. in the U.S., this paper explores how child care is treated in the IMPLAN system, and how its production functions in state-level models are derived from a national benchmark model. We examine the extent to which such methodology may explain geographic differences in child care multip-liers in addition to other exogenous demographic and child care policy variables. Our analysis facilitates interpretation of geographic differences in child care multipliers in state economies and identifies areas for improvement in modeling methodology.

Suggested Citation

  • Liu, Zhilin & Warner, Mildred E., 2009. "Understanding Geographic Differences in Child Care Multipliers: Unpacking IMPLAN's Modeling Methodology," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 39(1).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:jrapmc:132427

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Melanie Blackwell & Steven Cobb & David Weinberg, 2002. "The Economic Impact of Educational Institutions: Issues and Methodology," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 16(1), pages 88-95, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jablonski, B.B.R. & Schmit, T.M. & Kay, D., 2015. "Assessing the Economic Impacts of Food Hubs to Regional Economies: a framework including opportunity cost," Working Papers 250012, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    2. Jablonski, Rebecca & Mansury, Yuri, 2012. "Local Food Wholesale Infrastructure in New York State: economic impact, policy implications and recommendations," 2012 AAEA/EAAE Food Environment Symposium, May 30-31, Boston, MA 123974, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    3. Schmit, T.M. & Jablonski, B.B.R. & Mansury, Yuri, 2013. "Impacts of Local Food System Activities by Small Direct-to-Consumer Producers in a Regional Economy: A Case Study From Upstate NY," Working Papers 180071, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    4. Choi, Eun-Young & Johnson, Thomas G., 2014. "Economic Impact of the Informal Childcare Sector in Kansas," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 44(1).


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