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Did Proximity to Ports Have Any Bearing on Urban Growth between 1970 and 2000?


  • Keil, Stanley R.


The major goal of the research presented here is to test the usefulness of a different way of conceptualizing broad regions of the United States. The census regions are often used to group MSAs for various types of studies. The alternative regions are defined based on access to ocean, Great Lakes, or river ports. The usefulness of this set of regions is compared to that of the census regions using both a dummy variable approach and an index of disparity approach. This paper presents a statistical test of the hypothesis that access to port facilities could and did positively influence urban growth between 1970 and 1990. The rationale for the hypothesis is that the expansion of trade resulting from the North American Free Trade Association, various steps accomplished under GATT and the WTO, and the United States' leading role as a free trade advocate has increased the advantage of expanding economic activity in coastal regions.

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  • Keil, Stanley R., 2006. "Did Proximity to Ports Have Any Bearing on Urban Growth between 1970 and 2000?," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 36(1).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:jrapmc:132315

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bartik, Timothy J, 1985. "Business Location Decisions in the United States: Estimates of the Effects of Unionization, Taxes, and Other Characteristics of States," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 3(1), pages 14-22, January.
    2. John C. Leatherman & Donald J. Howard & Terry L. Kastens, 2002. "Improved Prospects for Rural Development: An Industrial Targeting System for the Great Plains," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 24(1), pages 59-77.
    3. Newman, Robert J. & Sullivan, Dennis H., 1988. "Econometric analysis of business tax impacts on industrial location: What do we know, and how do we know it?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 215-234, March.
    4. Thomas J. Holmes, 1998. "The Effect of State Policies on the Location of Manufacturing: Evidence from State Borders," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(4), pages 667-705, August.
    5. Paulo Guimaraes & Octávio Figueiredo & Douglas Woodward, 2004. "Industrial Location Modeling: Extending the Random Utility Framework," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(1), pages 1-20.
    6. Todd M. Gabe & Kathleen P. Bell, 2004. "Tradeoffs between Local Taxes and Government Spending as Determinants of Business Location," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(1), pages 21-41.
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