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Is Beer Safer than Spirits? How the Change in Consumption Shares of Alcoholic Beverage Types Affects Traffic Mortality in Young People

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  • Freeman, Donald G.

Abstract

This paper uses cross-state and cross-regional time series to estimate the effect of the variation in shares of alcohol beverage types on traffic fatalities in young people, with particular emphasis on consumption of beer versus spirits, or “hard liquor”. Depending on the specification, consumption shares matter for traffic fatalities in the 15-19 year age group, but results are not conclusive. Initial state median income is however a strong predictor of lower traffic mortality rates in ensuing years. Dieser Beitrag verwendet Querschnittsdaten von Bundesstaaten und Zeitreihen verschiedener Regionen der USA, um den Effekt des Konsumanteils von Bier versus hochprozentiger alkoholischer Getränke auf die Zahl der jugendlichen Verkehrstoten zu messen. Die Resultate sind nicht eindeutig und hängen von der genauen Spezifikation der Schätzung ab. Was jedoch gezeigt werden kann, ist, dass es einen klar negativen Zusammenhang zwischen dem Median Einkommen eines Bundesstaates (einer Region) und der zukünftigen Verkehrssterblichkeitsrate gibt.

Suggested Citation

  • Freeman, Donald G., 2012. "Is Beer Safer than Spirits? How the Change in Consumption Shares of Alcoholic Beverage Types Affects Traffic Mortality in Young People," German Journal of Agricultural Economics, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Department for Agricultural Economics, vol. 61(04), pages 1-11, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:gjagec:199831
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.199831
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/199831/files/5_Freemann.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Christopher J. Ruhm, 2000. "Are Recessions Good for Your Health?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(2), pages 617-650.
    2. Freeman, Donald G., 2011. "Beer in Good Times and Bad: A U.S. State-Level Analysis of Economic Conditions and Alcohol Consumption," Journal of Wine Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(2), pages 231-251, October.
    3. Jeffrey A. Miron & Elina Tetelbaum, 2009. "Does The Minimum Legal Drinking Age Save Lives?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 47(2), pages 317-336, April.
    4. Wagenaar, A.C. & Tobler, A.L. & Komro, K.A., 2010. "Effects of alcohol tax and price policies on morbidity and mortality: A systematic review," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 100(11), pages 2270-2278.
    5. Darren Grant, 2010. "Dead On Arrival: Zero Tolerance Laws Don'T Work," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 48(3), pages 756-770, July.
    6. Karaca-Mandic, Pinar & Ridgeway, Greg, 2010. "Behavioral impact of graduated driver licensing on teenage driving risk and exposure," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 48-61, January.
    7. Christopher Carpenter & Carlos Dobkin, 2011. "The Minimum Legal Drinking Age and Public Health," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 25(2), pages 133-156, Spring.
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