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Poverty and inequality profile of households in the Northern Province of South Africa

Author

Listed:
  • Rwelamira, Juliana K.
  • Phosa, M.M.
  • Makhura, Moraka T.
  • Kirsten, Johann F.

Abstract

The paper gives an overview of the socio-economic profile of access to resources and social behaviour of rural households of the Northern Province of South Africa. It is based on the survey conducted in 24 villages covering 586 households. The preliminary results reflect a number of disparities among men and female household heads and their occupations. Women farmers tend to dominate the agricultural sector, while men are predominantly in the service and industry sectors. Also, male headed households have more members than female headed households, which are mostly single parents and have higher percentage of members under fifteen (reflecting high fertility rates). Unemployment is rife, coupled with a significant number of old (retired) people, and more women involved in subsistence agriculture. Migration is prevalent, and is a source of support for households to supplement their livelihood, since farming is not enough to meet household requirements. There is still a gap in access to water and land resources. These results pose major challenges for agriculture in the new millennium since access and distribution of resources will be imminent.

Suggested Citation

  • Rwelamira, Juliana K. & Phosa, M.M. & Makhura, Moraka T. & Kirsten, Johann F., 2000. "Poverty and inequality profile of households in the Northern Province of South Africa," Agrekon, Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA), vol. 39(4), December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:agreko:54214
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54214
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Maurice Schiff & Alberto Valdes, 1994. "The Plundering of Agriculture in Developing Countries," Reports _013, World Bank Latin America and the Caribean Region Department.
    2. Pinstrup-Andersen, Per & Pandya-Lorch, Rajul & Rosegrant, Mark W., 1997. "The world food situation," Food policy reports 7, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Martin, Will & Mitra, Devashish, 1999. "Productivity growth and convergence in agriculture and manufacturing," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2171, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Francesca Marchetta, 2008. "Migration and non farm activities as income diversification strategies: the case of Northern Ghana," Working Papers - Economics wp2008_16.rdf, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Food Security and Poverty;

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