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Environmental Degradation and Patterns of Human Migration Evidence from South Asia and South-East Asia


  • Ayaz Ali Shah

    (Lecturer, Department of Political Science, AWKUM, KP, Pakistan.)

  • Muhammad Saleem

    (Associate Professor, Department of Law, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.)

  • Tila Mohammad

    (M.Phil Scholar, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.)


This paper is about how and by what ways climate change affects human migration. The world at large is expected to face crises of dual nature. In the first place, excessive fossil fuel consumption would result in environmental degradation. Among others, people would be faced with serious food crises as well as reduced income. In the wake of environmental change, people will migrate in search of better income prospects and food security. There is no doubt that there a strong but direct relationship between climate change and human displacement. This displacement may either be long distance or a short distance in other cases. If it is a short distance, there is a possibility that it will be temporary, and as soon as the climate change event is over, people may return back to their habitats. It may be a long-distance if climate change-related event takes place on regular intervals over a long period of time. Data is collected through secondary sources.

Suggested Citation

  • Ayaz Ali Shah & Muhammad Saleem & Tila Mohammad, 2019. "Environmental Degradation and Patterns of Human Migration Evidence from South Asia and South-East Asia," Global Political Review, Humanity Only, vol. 4(1), pages 40-50, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:aaw:gprjrn:v:4:y:2019:i:1:p:40-50

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Drabo, Alassane & Mbaye, Linguère Mously, 2011. "Climate Change, Natural Disasters and Migration: An Empirical Analysis in Developing Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 5927, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. V. Mueller & C. Gray & K. Kosec, 2014. "Heat stress increases long-term human migration in rural Pakistan," Nature Climate Change, Nature, vol. 4(3), pages 182-185, March.
    3. Richard Black & Stephen R. G. Bennett & Sandy M. Thomas & John R. Beddington, 2011. "Migration as adaptation," Nature, Nature, vol. 478(7370), pages 447-449, October.
    4. Maria Waldinger, 2015. "The effects of climate change on internal and international migration: implications for developing countries," GRI Working Papers 192, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
    5. Maria Waldinger & Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy, 2015. "The Effects of Climate Change on Internal and International Migration: Implications for Developing Countries," Working Papers id:7569, eSocialSciences.
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    More about this item


    Climate Change; Environmental Degradation; Migration; Asia; Floods;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General


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