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Humankapital, politischer Wandel und langfristige Wirtschaftsentwickung

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  • Matthias Doepke

Abstract

Seit Mitte der achtziger Jahre hat die neue Wachstumstheorie verstärkt Aufmerksamkeit auf Humankapital als eine Quelle des Wirtschaftswachstums gelenkt. Neuere empirische Ergebnisse weisen allerdings darauf hin, dass Bildungsinvestitionen nur geringe soziale Externalitäten erzeugen und dass der direkte Beitrag des Humankapitals zum Wirtschaftswachstum relativ gering ist. In dieser Arbeit wird der Beitrag des Humankapitals zur Wirtschaftsentwicklung im Rahmen der langfristigen Wachstumstheorie dargestellt, deren Gegenstand ist, den Übergang von Ländern von vor-industrieller Stagnation zu stetigem Wirtschaftswachstum zu erklären. Hier erweist sich, dass Humankapital nicht nur direkte Produktivitätseffekte erzeugt, sondern auch als Auslöser verschiedener entwicklungsfördernder politischer Reformen dienen kann.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich in its series IEW - Working Papers with number 356.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:zur:iewwpx:356

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Keywords: Humankapital; Wirtschaftswachstum; politische Ökonomie;

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