The US Demographic Transition
AbstractBetween 1800 and 1940 the U.S. went through a dramatic demographic transition. In 1800 the average woman had 7 children, and 94 percent of the population lived in rural areas. By 1940 the average woman birthed just 2 kids, and only 43 percent of populace lived in the country. The question is: What accounted for this shift in the demographic landscape? The answer given here is that technological progress in agriculture and manufacturing explains these facts.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER) in its series RCER Working Papers with number 487.
Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2002
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: University of Rochester, Center for Economic Research, Department of Economics, Harkness 231 Rochester, New York 14627 U.S.A.
fertility; technological progress; agriculture; manufacturing;
Other versions of this item:
- Jeremy Greenwood & Ananth Seshadri, 2002. "The U.S. Demographic Transition," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 153-159, May.
- Jeremy Greenwood & Ananth Seshadri, 2001. "The U.S. demographic transition," Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland 0118, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
- Greenwood,J. & Seshadri,A., 2002. "The U.S. demographic transition," Working papers, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems 2, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
- E1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models
- J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
- O3 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-01-22 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2002-01-22 (Development)
- NEP-DGE-2002-01-22 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
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