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To Segregate or to Integrate : Education Politics and Democracy

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  • David, DE LA CROIX

    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) and UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN ,Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) and FNRS Belgium)

  • Matthias, DOEPKE

    (UCLA, Los Angeles)

Abstract

In most democracies, the majority of education expenditures is financed by the government. In non-democracies, we observe a wide variation in the mix of public and private funding of education. In addition, countries with high inequality tend to rely more heavily on private schooling. We develop a theory which integrates private decision on education and fertility with voting on public education expenditures. The theory is able to account for the facts mentioned above. Countries with high inequality exhibit more private education expenditures since rich people opt out of the public system. In non-democracies, concentration of political power leads to multiple equilibria in the determination of public education spending.

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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) with number 2003021.

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Length: 40
Date of creation: 01 Nov 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:2003021

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Keywords: Education funding; Inequality; Voting; Political Power; Segregation;

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