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Wages and Labor Management in African Manufacturing

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  • Marcel Fafchamps

    (Centre for the Study of African Economies)

  • Måns Söderbom

    (Centre for the Study of African Economies)

Abstract

Using matched employer-employee data on 10 African countries, this paper examines the relationship beween wages, worker supervision, and labor productivity in manufacturing. Wages increase with firm size for both production workers and supervisors. We develop a two-tier model of supervision that can account for this stylized fact and we fit the structural model to the data. Employee data is used to derive a firm- specific wage premium that is purged of the effect of worker observables. We find a strong effect of both supervision and wages on effort and hence on labor productivity. Labor management in sub-Saharan Africa appears problematic, with much higher supervisor-to-worker ratios than in Morocco and a higher elasticity of effort with respect to supervision.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Development and Comp Systems with number 0409043.

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Length: 52 pages
Date of creation: 28 Sep 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:0409043

Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 52
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References

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    • Arne Bigsten & Paul Collier & Stefan Dercon & Marcel Fafchamps & Bernard Gauthier & Jan Willem Gunning & Abena Oduro & Remco Oostendorp & Cathy Pattillo & Mans S–derbom & Francis Teal & Albert Zeufa, 2003. "Risk Sharing in Labor Markets," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 17(3), pages 349-366, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Fox, Louise & Oviedo, Ana Maria, 2008. "Are skills rewarded in Sub-Saharan Africa ? determinants of wages and productivity in the manufacturing sector," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4688, The World Bank.
  2. Christophe Muller, Christophe Nordman, 2008. "Task Organization, Human Capital and Wages in Moroccan Exporting Firms," THEMA Working Papers 2008-39, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  3. Christophe Muller & Christophe Nordman, 2005. "Wage And Human Capital In Exporting Firms In Morocco," Working Papers. Serie AD 2005-14, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  4. Jellal, Mohamed, 2014. "Firmes industrielles incitations et formation approche théorique
    [Industrial firms incentives and training Policy theoretical approach]
    ," MPRA Paper 57306, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Fafchamps, Marcel & Gabre-Madhin, Eleni Z., 2006. "Agricultural markets in Benin and Malawi," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 1(1), December.
  6. Arne Bigsten & Mans Söderbom, 2006. "What Have We Learned from a Decade of Manufacturing Enterprise Surveys in Africa?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 21(2), pages 241-265.
  7. Tetsushi Sonobe & John Akoten & Keijiro Otsuka, 2011. "The growth process of informal enterprises in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case study of a metalworking cluster in Nairobi," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 323-335, April.
  8. Perroni, Carlo & Proto, Eugenio, 2007. "Moral Hazard and Entrepreneurial Failure in a Two-sector Model of Productive Matching - with an Application to the Natural Resource Curse," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 796, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  9. Benhassine, Najy & Fafchamps, Marcel & Söderbom, Måns, 2006. "Wage Gaps and Job Sorting in African Manufacturing," CEPR Discussion Papers 6003, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Paul Beaudry & Patrick Francois, 2010. "Managerial Skills Acquisition and the Theory of Economic Development," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 77(1), pages 90-126.
  11. Jellal, Mohamed, 2012. "Maroc salaire minimum emploi et pauvreté
    [Morocco minimum wage employment and poverty]
    ," MPRA Paper 38491, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Guiying (Laura) Wu, 2013. "Investment Frictions and the Aggregate Output Loss in China," Economic Growth centre Working Paper Series 1307, Nanyang Technolgical University, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Economic Growth centre.
  13. Samuel Bowles & Arjun Jayadev, 2004. "Guard Labor: An Essay in Honor of Pranab Bardhan," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2004-15, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.
  14. Marcel Fafchamps, 2007. "Human Capital, Exports, and Wages," Economics Series Working Papers GPRG-WPS-069, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.

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