Agricultural trade reform and poverty reduction in developing countries
AbstractThe author offers an economic assessment of the opportunities and challenges provided by the World Trade Organization's Doha Development Agenda, particularly through agricultural trade liberalization, for low-income countries seeking to trade their way out of poverty. After discussing links between poverty, economic growth, and trade, he reports modeling results showing that farm product markets remain the most costly of all goods market distortions in world trade. The author focuses on what such reform might mean for developing countries both with and without their involvement in the multilateral trade negotiations. What becomes clear is that if those countries want to maximize their benefits from the Doha round, they need also to free up their own domestic product and factor markets so their farmers are better able to take advantage of new market opportunities abroad. The author also addresses other concerns of low-income countries about farm trade reform: whether there would be losses associated with tariff preference erosion, whether food-importing countries would suffer from higher food prices in international markets, whether China's WTO accession will provide an example of trade reform aggravating poverty by way of cuts in prices received by Chinese farmers, and the impact on food security and poverty alleviation.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3396.
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2004
Date of revision:
Payment Systems&Infrastructure; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Trade Policy; Labor Policies; Environmental Economics&Policies; TF054105-DONOR FUNDED OPERATION ADMINISTRATION FEE INCOME AND EXPENSE ACCOUNT; Economic Theory&Research; Poverty Assessment; Trade Policy;
Other versions of this item:
- Kym Anderson, 2002. "Agricultural Trade Reform and Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries," Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers 2002-34, University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies.
- Kym Anderson, 2004. "Agricultural trade reform and poverty reduction in developing countries," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp014, IIIS.
- TF0 - - - - - -
- FUN - International Economics - - - - -
- OPE - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - - - -
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2004-09-05 (Africa)
- NEP-AGR-2004-10-21 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2004-09-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2004-09-05 (Development)
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