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The Challenge of Reducing Subsidies and Trade Barriers

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  • Anderson, Kym

Abstract

This is one of ten studies for the Copenhagen Consensus Project that sought to evaluate the most feasible opportunities to improve welfare globally and alleviate poverty in developing countries. It argues that phasing out distortionary government subsidies and barriers to international trade will yield an extraordinarily high benefit/cost ratio. A survey is provided of recent estimates, using global economy wide simulation models, of the benefits of doing that via the current Doha round of multilateral trade negotiations. Even if adjustment costs are several times as large as suggested by available estimates, the benefit-cost ratio from seizing this opportunity exceeds 20. That is much higher than the rewards from regional or bilateral trade agreements or from providing preferential access for least-developed countries’ exports to high-income countries. Such reform would simultaneously contribute to alleviating several of the other key challenges reflected in the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 4592.

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Date of creation: Sep 2004
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4592

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Keywords: Doha Development Agenda; subsidy reduction; trade policy reform;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Fernando Alvarez & Robert E. Lucas, 2005. "General Equilibrium Analysis of the Eaton-Kortum Model of International Trade," NBER Working Papers 11764, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Addison, Tony, 2005. "Post-Conflict Recovery: Does the Global Economy Work for Peace?," Working Paper Series DP2005/05, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  3. Joshua Ioji Konov, 2013. "Enhancing Markets (i.e. Economies) Transmissionability to Optimize Monetary Policies’ Effect," EY International Congress on Economics I (EYC2013), October 24-25, 2013, Ankara, Turkey 205, Ekonomik Yaklasim Association.
  4. Gawel, Erik & Bernsen, Kristina, 2011. "What is wrong with virtual water trading?," UFZ Discussion Papers 1/2011, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS).
  5. Jayatilleke S. Bandara, 2007. "The Effects of Agricultural Trade Liberalisation under the Doha Development Agenda with Special Reference to the Asia Pacific Region: A Brief Survey," Working Papers 3107, Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade (ARTNeT), an initiative of UNESCAP and IDRC, Canada..
  6. Addison, Tony, 2005. "Agricultural Development for Peace," Working Paper Series RP2005/07, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  7. Moshirian, Fariborz, 2005. "Global financial markets integration and Millennium Goals," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 15(4-5), pages 302-313, October.

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