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How Macroeconomic Instability Lowers Child Survival

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  • Guillaumont, Patrick
  • Korachais, Catherine
  • Subervie, Julie

Abstract

The reduction of child mortality is one of the most universally accepted Millennium Goals. However, there is a significant debate on the means of reaching it and its realism with regard to the situation in most of the least developed countries. The recommendations made for the achievement of this goal are mainly medical ones. However, without underestimating the importance of these measures, in particular vaccinations, it seems increasingly obvious that the rate of reduction of child mortality is mainly determined by the evolution of macroeconomic environment. The influence of per capita income level on mortality is frequently underlined. But a given income growth does not have the same effect on child survival if it is stable or unstable. Indeed, rises and falls of income probably have asymmetrical effects on mortality. The purpose of this analysis is precisely to show how macroeconomic instability influences the evolution of child mortality. The analysis is based on a panel sample of 97 developing countries over the period 1980-1999. The effect of exogenous shocks is first examined through a variable of income instability. The study of the relation is then deepened with ?primary instabilities?: instability of world agricultural commodity prices, instability of exports of goods and services and instability of agricultural production.

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File URL: http://www.wider.unu.edu/stc/repec/pdfs/rp2008/rp2008-51.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) in its series Working Paper Series with number RP2008/51.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:rp2008-51

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Keywords: MDGs; mortality; children; health;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Patrick GUILLAUMONT, 2009. "World Crisis and Protecting Low-Income Countries Against Exogenous Shocks," Working Papers P06, FERDI.
  2. Patrick Guillaumont, 2010. "Assessing the Economic Vulnerability of Small Island Developing States and the Least Developed Countries," Working Papers id:2625, eSocialSciences.
  3. Patrick Guillaumont & Catherine Korachais, 2011. "When unstable, growth is less pro poor," Working Papers halshs-00556672, HAL.
  4. Patrick Guillaumont, 2011. "Aid effectiveness for poverty reduction:macroeconomic overview and emerging issues," Working Papers halshs-00554285, HAL.
  5. Patrick GUILLAUMONT & Laurent WAGNER, 2014. "Aid effectiveness for poverty reduction: lessons from cross-country analyses, with a special focus on vulnerable countries," Working Papers P96, FERDI.
  6. Patrick GUILLAUMONT, 2009. "Aid effectiveness for poverty reduction: macroeconomic overview and emerging issues," Working Papers P05, FERDI.
  7. Patrick GUILLAUMONT, 2009. "Aid effectiveness for poverty reduction: macroeconomic overview and emerging issues," Working Papers P05, FERDI.
  8. Cornia, Giovanni Andrea & Rosignoli, Stefano & Tiberti, Luca, 2007. "Globalisation and health: impact pathways and recent evidence," Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz qt2358z815, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz.
  9. Guillaumont, Patrick, 2008. "An Economic Vulnerability Index: Its Design and Use for International Development Policy," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) RP2008/99, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  10. Patrick GUILLAUMONT, 2009. "World Crisis and Protecting Low-Income Countries Against Exogenous Shocks," Working Papers P06, FERDI.

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