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EVI and its Use. Design of an Economic Vulnerability Index and its Use for International Development Policy

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  • Patrick Guillaumont

    (CERDI - Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international - CNRS : UMR6587 - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I)

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    Abstract

    As an answer to a need expressed by the UN General Assembly an Economic Vulnerability Index (EVI) has been defined by the Committee for Development Policy. The present paper, which refers to this index, first examines how a structural economic vulnerability index can be designed, in particular for low income countries: it recalls the conceptual and empirical grounds of such an index, considers the structure of the present EVI, its sensitivity to methodological choices about averaging, as well as related possible improvements, and briefly compares levels and trends of EVI in various groups of countries, using a new data base of a "retrospective EVI". In a second part the paper examines how EVI can be used for international development policy, underlining two main purposes. The first one, for which EVI has been initially designed at the UN, is the identification of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), allowed to receive some preferential treatment in aid and trade matters: EVI is, with income per capita and human capital, one of the three complementary criteria a country needs to meet to be included into the list of LDCs and consequently cannot be considered alone to avoid a graduation from the list. A second use would be to retain EVI as a criterion for aid allocation between developing countries, besides other and traditional criteria: we argue that such an inclusion is legitimate both for effectiveness and equity reasons. These two purposes are presented as complementary.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00557091.

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    Date of creation: 18 Jan 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00557091

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    Related research

    Keywords: vulnerability; instability; shocks; exposure; resilience; structural handicap; growth; least developed countries; aid effectiveness; aid allocation;

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    References

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    1. Jean-François Brun & Céline Carrère & Patrick Guillaumont & Jaime de Melo, 2005. "Has Distance Died? Evidence from a Panel Gravity Model," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 19(1), pages 99-120.
    2. Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney & Kangni Kpodar, 2008. "Financial Development and Poverty Reduction," IMF Working Papers 08/62, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Patrick GUILLAUMONT & Jean-François BRUN & Jaime MELO DE, 1998. "La distance abolie ? Critères et mesure de la mondialisation du commerce extérieur," Working Papers 199830, CERDI.
    4. Jean-Louis Arcand & Patrick Guillaumont & Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney, 2000. "Ethnicity, communication and growth," CSAE Working Paper Series 2000-20, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    5. Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney & Kangni Kpodar, 2005. "Financial Development, Financial Instability and Poverty," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2005-09, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    6. Gyimah-Brempong, Kwabena, 1991. "Export Instability and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 39(4), pages 815-28, July.
    7. Catherine ARAUJO BONJEAN & Jean-Louis COMBES & Pascale COMBES MOTEL, 1999. "The Economic Consequences of Export Instability in Developing Countries: A Survey," Working Papers 199926, CERDI.
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