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The Role of Central Bank in the Recession in the Case of Japan's Recession

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Author Info

  • Shigeyoshi Miyagawa

    (Department of Economics, Kyoto Gakuen University, Kyoto, Japan)

  • Yoji Morita

    (Department of Economics, Kyoto Gakuen University, Kyoto, Japan)

  • Yoshitaka Sawada

    (Department of Commerce, Kwansei Gakuin University, Kobe, Japan)

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    Abstract

    Japan's economy is expanding and expected to continue expanding moderately, according to Monthly Report of Recent Economic and Financial Developments released by the Bank of Japan in July 2007.The BOJ declared the change of policy stance at the Monetary Policy Meeting held on July 14, 2006. The BOJ had to tackle a recession which the Japanese economy had not experienced before. The economy was on the verge of financial panic, especially in 1997 and 1998, when major financial institutions had failed. It reminded us of the recurrence of the Great Depression in the 1930s. The article will clarify how the Japanese economy fell into a serious depression with a reflection on the role of the BOJ in the emergence of prolonged depression. We will also estimate the interest rate elasticity of money demand in order to identify whether or not the Japanese economy was in a liquidity trap in the prolonged recession. We will use the EGARCH model to quantify the financial anxieties. The conclusion will suggest that the BOJ should have paid more attention to the behavior of money stock at the early stage of depression.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Aboa Centre for Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 17.

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    Length: 32
    Date of creation: Sep 2007
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:tkk:dpaper:dp17

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    Related research

    Keywords: bubble; money stock; financial anxieties; liquidity trap;

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    1. Elliott, Graham & Rothenberg, Thomas J & Stock, James H, 1996. "Efficient Tests for an Autoregressive Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(4), pages 813-36, July.
    2. Denis Kwiatkowski & Peter C.B. Phillips & Peter Schmidt, 1991. "Testing the Null Hypothesis of Stationarity Against the Alternative of a Unit Root: How Sure Are We That Economic Time Series Have a Unit Root?," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 979, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    3. Bollerslev, Tim & Chou, Ray Y. & Kroner, Kenneth F., 1992. "ARCH modeling in finance : A review of the theory and empirical evidence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1-2), pages 5-59.
    4. Hondroyiannis, George & Swamy, P. A. V. B. & Tavlas, George S., 2000. "Is the Japanese economy in a liquidity trap?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 17-23, January.
    5. Thomas F. Cargill & Michael M. Hutchison & Takatoshi Ito, 2001. "Financial Policy and Central Banking in Japan," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262032856, December.
    6. Engle, Robert F & Granger, Clive W J, 1987. "Co-integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation, and Testing," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 251-76, March.
    7. Alan Ahearne & Joseph Gagnon & Jane Haltmaier & Steve Kamin ... [et al.]., 2002. "Preventing deflation: lessons from Japan's experience in the 1990s," International Finance Discussion Papers 729, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    8. Robert F. Engle & Victor K. Ng, 1991. "Measuring and Testing the Impact of News on Volatility," NBER Working Papers 3681, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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