A General Equilibrium Evaluation of the Employment Service
AbstractThis paper provides a general equilibrium evaluation of the Employment Service, also known as the Public Labor Exchange (PLX), a national program which facilitates meetings between job seekers and vacancies. The paper departs from the partial equilibrium framework of previous evaluations by constructing a dynamic general equilibrium matching model with the PLX as one search channel, and the other search channel comprising all other search methods. The PLX is a directed search channel in the sense that searchers are matched by skill levels. The model is calibrated to the U.S. PLX and to the U.S. labor market and is used to compute general and partial equilibrium impacts of the PLX. The findings are that (i) the partial equilibrium impacts are consistent with the empirical literature, but different from the general equilibrium ones; (ii) the standard assumption in the evaluation literature, that outcomes for agents who do not participate in a program are not directly affected by the program, does not hold for the PLX; (iii) the heterogeneity across and within worker skill levels plays an important role when computing aggregate impacts; and, (iv) equilibrium adjustments are driven by employers who post are high-skill vacancies when both search channels operate.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis in its series Working Paper Series with number 40_10.
Date of creation: Jan 2010
Date of revision:
Search Models; Program Evaluation; Public Employment Service; PLX; General Equilibrium Impacts; Partial Equilibrium Impacts;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
- J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
- J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Public Policy
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-12-04 (All new papers)
- NEP-DGE-2010-12-04 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
- NEP-LAB-2010-12-04 (Labour Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- van Ours, J C & Ridder, G, 1993. "Vacancy Durations: Search or Selection?," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 55(2), pages 187-98, May.
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