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Wer arbeitet wann? Arbeitszeitarrangements von Selbständigen und abhängig Beschäftigten: Eine mikroökonometrische Analyse deutscher Zeitbudgetdaten

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  • Merz, Joachim
  • Burgert, Derik

Abstract

Mit der zeitlichen Flexibilisierung der Arbeitsmärkte und dem damit verbundenen Rückzug des Normalarbeitstages treten neue Muster von Arbeitszeit auf. Auf Basis der deutschen Zeitbudgeterhebung 1991/92 sollen Arbeitszeiten von Selbständigen und abhängig Beschäftigten untersucht werden. Zunächst systematisiert der vorliegende Beitrag verschiedene Verläufe des Arbeitstages. Dabei werden bilden sich vier Kategorien von Arbeitszeitmustern heraus. Danach stellt sich die Frage, ob sich zwischen Selbständigen und abhängig Beschäftigten Unterschiede in der Gestaltung des Arbeitstages feststellen lassen. Nach einer deskriptiven Analyse der Kategorien, wird in einem Multinomialen Logit Modell neben dem Berufsstatus der Einfluss sozio-ökonomischer Hintergrundvariablen auf die Entscheidung für eine der Kategorien von Arbeitszeit geschätzt. Wir kontrollieren dabei u. a. für Variablen, die der Humankapitaltheorie, den ‚new home economics’ und der Zeitverwendungsforschung entliehen sind. Es zeigt sich, dass insbesondere Selbständige ohne Angestellte zu einem atypischen Verhalten am neigen, das durch Arbeitszeiten am frühen Morgen und späten Abend sowie Unterbrechungen kennzeichnet.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 5975.

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Date of creation: Jul 2004
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:5975

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Keywords: Arbeitszeitarrangements; Arbeitsangebot; Zeitverwendung; Humankapital; Selbständige; abhängig Beschäftigte; Multinomiales Logit; Zeittagebücher; Zeitbudgeterhebung 1991/92;

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  1. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1983. "Generalized Econometric Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 507-12, March.
  2. Hamermesh, Daniel S, 1998. "When We Work," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 321-25, May.
  3. Joachim, Merz, 2002. "Time Use Research and Time Use Data Actual Topics and New Frontiers," MPRA Paper 6347, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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  8. Blundell, Richard & Ham, John & Meghir, Costas, 1987. "Unemployment and Female Labour Supply," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 97(388a), pages 44-64, Supplemen.
  9. Pencavel, John, 1987. "Labor supply of men: A survey," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 1, pages 3-102 Elsevier.
  10. Joachim Merz & Derik Burgert, 2003. "Working Hour Arrangements and Working Hours - A Microeconometric Analysis Based on German Time Diary Data," FFB-Discussionpaper 41, Research Institute on Professions (Forschungsinstitut Freie Berufe (FFB)), LEUPHANA University Lüneburg.
  11. Killingsworth, Mark R. & Heckman, James J., 1987. "Female labor supply: A survey," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 2, pages 103-204 Elsevier.
  12. Ham, John C, 1982. "Estimation of a Labour Supply Model with Censoring Due to Unemployment and Underemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(3), pages 335-54, July.
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