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Job promotion in mid-career: gender, recession and ‘crowding’

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  • Addison, John
  • Ozturk, Orgul
  • Wang, Si

Abstract

Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 indicate that between 1996 and 2010 females on average lost some of the promotion momentum they had achieved at the beginning of mid-career, although they outperformed males in this regard. For both genders economic downturn has contributed to reduced promotion probabilities. In the case of women, however, cohort effects rather than the cycle seem to explain the promotion experience during the Great Recession. Promotions translate into higher real wage increases, and typically more so where job responsibilities increase. Crowding effects, if not necessarily a thing of the past, are no longer manifested in reduced female promotion rates or earnings.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 51390.

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Date of creation: Jun 2013
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:51390

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Keywords: promotion; earnings; early/mid/peak career; gender;

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  1. Anabela Carneiro & Paulo Guimarães & Pedro Portugal, 2009. "Real Wages and the Business Cycle: Accounting for Worker and Firm Heterogeneity," Working Papers, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department w200910, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  2. Marianna Kudlyak & David A. Price, 2012. "The increased role of flows between nonparticipation and unemployment during the Great Recession and recovery," Richmond Fed Economic Brief, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue Jun.
  3. Erica L. Groshen, 1987. "The structure of the female/male wage differential: is it who you are, what you do, or where you work?," Working Paper 8708, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  4. Peter B. Meyer & Anastasiya M. Osborne, 2005. "Proposed Category System for 1960-2000 Census Occupations," Working Papers, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 383, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
  5. Anabela Carneiro & Paulo Guimar�es & Pedro Portugal, 2012. "Real Wages and the Business Cycle: Accounting for Worker, Firm, and Job Title Heterogeneity," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 4(2), pages 133-52, April.
  6. Barbara R. Bergmann, 1974. "Occupational Segregation, Wages and Profits When Employers Discriminate by Race or Sex," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 1(2), pages 103-110, April.
  7. Elaine Sorensen, 1990. "The Crowding Hypothesis and Comparable Worth," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(1), pages 55-89.
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