The structure of the female/male wage differential: is it who you are, what you do, or where you work?
AbstractThis paper decomposes the observed wage difference between male and female workers into the portions associated with three types of segregation and with the individual's sex. The contribution of each type of segregation is the product of two factors: the extent of segregation and the wage penalty (estimated coefficient) associated with working in a female-dominated constituent. ; In five Bureau of Labor Statistics Industry Wage Surveys, the earnings of men and women in the same occupation at the same establishment differ by only 1%. Much of the difference in pay between men and women is associated with segregation by occupation (this reduces women’s wages by 11% to 28%). But segregation by establishment and work group also lowers the wages of women by a total of 12%. ; Comparisons are also made between the union and nonunion sectors of two industries. Union establishments are characterized by less variation based on occupational and individual wage penalties, but more variation based on establishment segregation.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland in its series Working Paper with number 8708.
Date of creation: 1987
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Erica L. Groshen, 1991. "The Structure of the Female/Male Wage Differential: Is It Who You Are, What You Do, or Where You Work?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 26(3), pages 457-472.
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
This item has more than 25 citations. To prevent cluttering this page, these citations are listed on a separate page. reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Lee Faulhaber).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.