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Twin Transitions

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  • Aksan, Anna-Maria
  • Chakraborty, Shankha

Abstract

We provide a new explanation for sub-Saharan Africa’s slow demographic and economic change. In a model where children die from infectious disease, childhood health affects human capital and noninfectious-disease related adult mortality. When child mortality falls from lower prevalence, as in western Europe, labor productivity improves, fertility falls and the economy prospers. When it falls mainly from better cures, as in sub-Saharan Africa, survivors are less healthy and there is little economic payoff. The model quantitatively explains sub-Saharan Africa’s experience. More generally it shows that life expectancy at birth is a poor indicator of population health unless morbidity falls with mortality.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 49929.

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Date of creation: 27 May 2013
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49929

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Keywords: Demographic Transition; Epidemiological Transition; Mortality; Morbidity; Fertility;

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