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Mosquitoes: The Long-term Effects of Malaria Eradication in India

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  • David Cutler
  • Winnie Fung
  • Michael Kremer
  • Monica Singhal
  • Tom Vogl

Abstract

We examine the effects of malaria on educational attainment and income by exploiting geographic variation in malaria prevalence in India prior to a nationwide eradication program in the 1950s. We find that the program led to modest increases in income for prime age men. This finding is robust to using very localized sources of geographic variation and to instrumenting for pre-eradication prevalence with climate factors. We do not observe improvements in income for women, suggesting that observed effects are likely driven by increased labor market productivity. We find no evidence of increased educational attainment for men, and mixed evidence for women.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 13539.

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Date of creation: Oct 2007
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:13539

Note: CH ED HC HE LS PE
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  1. Adrienne M. Lucas, 2013. "The Impact of Malaria Eradication on Fertility," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 61(3), pages 607 - 631.
  2. Duraisamy, P., 2000. "Changes in Returns to Education in India, 1983-94: By Gender, Age-Cohort and Location," Papers, Yale - Economic Growth Center 815, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  3. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson, 2006. "Disease and Development: The Effect of Life Expectancy on Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 12269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Hoyt Bleakley, 2006. "Malaria In The Americas: A Retrospective Analysis Of Childhood Exposure," DOCUMENTOS CEDE, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE 003185, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  5. P. Duraisamy, 2000. "Changes in Returns to Education in India, 1983-94: By Gender, Age-Cohort and Location," Working Papers, Economic Growth Center, Yale University 815, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  6. Alan I. Barreca, 2010. "The Long-Term Economic Impact of In Utero and Postnatal Exposure to Malaria," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 45(4), pages 865-892.
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Cited by:
  1. Aksan, Anna-Maria & Chakraborty, Shankha, 2013. "Twin Transitions," MPRA Paper 49929, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Brian Blackburn & Aprajit Mahajan & Alessandro Tarozzi & Joanne Yoong, 2009. "Bednets, Information and Malaria in Orissa," Discussion Papers, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research 08-025, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
  3. Douglas Gollin & Christian Zimmermann, 2007. "Malaria: Disease Impacts and Long-Run Income Differences," Working papers, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics 2007-30, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2010.
  4. Jack, William & Lewis, Maureen, 2009. "Health investments and economic growth : macroeconomic evidence and microeconomic foundations," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4877, The World Bank.

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