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From Infant to Mother: Early Disease Environment and Future Maternal Health

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  • Douglas Almond
  • Janet Currie
  • Mariesa Herrmann

Abstract

This paper examines the links between the disease environment around the time of a woman's birth, and her health at the time she delivers her own infant. Our results suggest that exposure to disease in early childhood significantly increases the incidence of diabetes in the population of future mothers. The exposed mothers are less likely to be married, have fewer years of education, are more likely to gain over 60 pounds while pregnant, and are more likely to smoke while pregnant. Not surprisingly then, exposure increases the probability of low birth weight in the next generation, at least among whites. Among whites, this effect remains when we control for maternal behaviors as well as disease exposure. Among blacks, we find that maternal exposure reduces the incidence of low birth weight. The difference between whites and blacks may reflect a “scarring” vs. selection story; whites who go on to have children are negatively impacted, while blacks who go on to have children are positively selected having survived a higher early childhood mortality rate.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17676.

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Date of creation: Dec 2011
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Publication status: published as Almond, Douglas & Currie, Janet & Herrmann, Mariesa, 2012. "From infant to mother: Early disease environment and future maternal health," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 475-483.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17676

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Cited by:
  1. Mark E. McGovern, 2012. "Don't stress: early life conditions, hypertension and selection into associated risk factors," Working Papers 201223, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  2. Samantha Rawlings, 2012. "Scarring and Selection Effects of Epidemic Malaria on Human Capital," Economics & Management Discussion Papers em-dp2012-01, Henley Business School, Reading University.
  3. Brian Beach & Joseph Ferrie & Martin Saavedra & Werner Troesken, 2014. "Typhoid Fever, Water Quality, and Human Capital Formation," NBER Working Papers 20279, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. repec:rdg:wpaper:em-dp2012-01 is not listed on IDEAS

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