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Achieving education for all: How much does money matter?

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  • Al-Samarrai, Samer

Abstract

This paper explores the extent to which differences in the resources allocated to education explain differences in educational access and performance across countries. Cross-country regression analysis shows that the link between educational access and performance and public education expenditure is weak.. The paper suggests that levels of household spending, the effectiveness of the public expenditure management system and the composition of public education spending are important factors explaining this weak link. The results imply that the achievement of the education millennium development goals will require more than just increases in expenditure on primary education. This does not imply that resources are unnecessary, but that increasing resources alone is unlikely to be sufficient. The composition of resources and institutions that govern the use of these resources play a central role in translating resources into better schooling outcomes. A stronger focus on these aspects of education systems will be required if the Millennium Development Goals in education are to be achieved.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 118.

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Date of creation: Dec 2002
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:118

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Keywords: education; public expenditure; millennium development goals;

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  1. Ablo, Emmanuel & Reinikka, Ritva, 1998. "Do budgets really matter? - evidence from public spending on education and health in Uganda," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1926, The World Bank.
  2. Dennis D. Kimko & Eric A. Hanushek, 2000. "Schooling, Labor-Force Quality, and the Growth of Nations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1184-1208, December.
  3. Penrose, Perran, 1993. "Planning and Financing Sustainable Education Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa," Education Research Papers, Department for International Development (DFID) (UK) 12874, Department for International Development (DFID) (UK).
  4. Hanushek, Eric A, 1995. "Interpreting Recent Research on Schooling in Developing Countries," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 10(2), pages 227-46, August.
  5. Filmer, Deon & Pritchett, Lant, 1999. "The impact of public spending on health: does money matter?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 49(10), pages 1309-1323, November.
  6. Schultz, T.P., 1995. "Accounting for Public Expenditures on Education: An International Panel Study," Papers, Yale - Economic Growth Center 742, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  7. Ludger Wößmann, 2001. "New Evidence on the Missing Resource-Performance Link in Education," Kiel Working Papers 1051, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  8. Lee, Jong-Wha & Barro, Robert J, 2001. "Schooling Quality in a Cross-Section of Countries," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 68(272), pages 465-88, November.
  9. Hanushek, Eric A., 2006. "School Resources," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier, Elsevier.
  10. Pritchett, Lant & Filmer, Deon, 1999. "What education production functions really show: a positive theory of education expenditures," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 223-239, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Josselin Thuilliez, 2007. "Malaria and Primary Education : A cross-country analysis on primary repetition and completion rates," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne bla07013, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  2. Raileanu Szeles, Monica, 2014. "A Multidimensional Approach to the Inclusiveness of economic Growth in the New Member States," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(2), pages 5-24, June.
  3. Cuong Le Van & Mathilde Maurel, 2006. "Education, corruption and growth in developing countries," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00129754, HAL.
  4. Estache, Antonio & Gonzalez, Marianela & Trujillo,Lourdes, 2007. "Government expenditures on education, health, and infrastructure : a naive look at levels, outcomes, and efficiency," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4219, The World Bank.
  5. John Anyanwu & Andrew E. O. Erhijakpor, 2007. "Working Paper 92 - Education Expenditures and School Enrolment in Africa: Illustrations from Nigeria and Other SANE Countries," Working Paper Series, African Development Bank 227, African Development Bank.
  6. Nadir Altinok, 2010. "Do School Resources Increase School Quality ?," Post-Print, HAL halshs-00485736, HAL.
  7. Dridi, Mohamed, 2013. "Corruption and Economic Growth: The Transmission Channels," MPRA Paper 47873, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Mohamed Dridi, 2014. "Corruption and Education: Empirical Evidence," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 4(3), pages 476-493.
  9. Dridi, Mohamed, 2013. "Achieving Education for All Goals: Does Corruption Matter?," MPRA Paper 47659, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Nadir Altinok, 2006. "Les sources de la qualité de l'éducation," Post-Print, HAL halshs-00095018, HAL.
  11. Luis Fernando Gamboa & Mauricio Rodríguez-Acosta & Andrés Felipe García-Suaza, 2010. "Academic achievement in sciences: the role of preferences and educative assets," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO 006701, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  12. Grigoli, Francesco & Sbrana, Giacomo, 2011. "Determinants and dynamics of schooling and child labor in Bolivia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5534, The World Bank.

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