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Declining Migration within the U.S.: The Role of the Labor Market

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  • Raven Molloy
  • Christopher L. Smith
  • Abigail K. Wozniak

Abstract

Interstate migration has decreased steadily since the 1980s. We show that this trend is not primarily related to demographic and socioeconomic factors, but instead appears to be connected to a concurrent secular decline in labor market transitions. We explore a number of reasons for the declines in geographic and labor market transitions, and find the strongest support for explanations related to a decrease in the net benefit to changing employers. Our preferred interpretation is that the distribution of relevant outside offers has shifted in a way that has made labor market transitions, and thus geographic transitions, less desirable to workers.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 20065.

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Date of creation: Apr 2014
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:20065

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