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North / South Contractual Design through the REDD+ Scheme

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  • Mireille Chiroleu-Assouline
  • Jean-Christophe Poudou
  • Sébastien Roussel

Abstract

In this paper we aim at theoretically grounding the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation + (REDD+) scheme as a contractual relationship between countries in the light of the theory of incentives. Considering incomplete information about reference levels of deforestation as well as exogenous implementation and transaction costs, we compare two types of contracts: a deforestation performance-based contract and a conditional avoided deforestation-based contract. Because of the implementation and transaction costs, each kind of REDD+ contract implies a dramatically different information rent / effciency trade-off. If the contract is performance- based (resp. conditionality-based), information rents are awarded to countries with the ex ante lowest (resp. highest) deforestation. In a simple quadratic setting, there is a reference level threshold in terms of effciency towards less deforestation. In terms of expected welfare, conditional avoided deforestation-based schemes are preferred.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier in its series Working Papers with number 12-31.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2012
Date of revision: Oct 2012
Handle: RePEc:lam:wpaper:12-31

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  1. Hannes Öhler & Peter Nunnenkamp & Axel Dreher, 2011. "Does Conditionality Work? A Test for an Innovative US Aid Scheme," CESifo Working Paper Series 3454, CESifo Group Munich.
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  3. Figuieres, Charles & Leplay, Solenn & Midler, Estelle & Thoyer, Sophie, 2012. "The REDD Scheme to Curb Deforestation: A Well-designed System of Incentives?," Strategic Behavior and the Environment, now publishers, vol. 2(3), pages 239-257, September.
  4. Samuelson, William F, 1984. "Bargaining under Asymmetric Information," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(4), pages 995-1005, July.
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  7. Mireille CHIROLEU-ASSOULINE & Sébastien ROUSSEL, 2010. "Contract Design to Sequester Carbon in Agricultural Soils," Working Papers 10-07, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Jul 2010.
  8. Hammond, Peter J, 1979. "Straightforward Individual Incentive Compatibility in Large Economies," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 263-82, April.
  9. Roger B. Myerson, 1977. "Incentive Compatability and the Bargaining Problem," Discussion Papers 284, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  10. Lederer, Markus, 2011. "From CDM to REDD+ -- What do we know for setting up effective and legitimate carbon governance?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(11), pages 1900-1907, September.
  11. Eric Maskin & John G. Riley, 1984. "Input Versus Output Incentive Schemes," UCLA Economics Working Papers 354, UCLA Department of Economics.
  12. Collier, Paul & Guillaumont, Patrick & Guillaumont, Sylviane & Gunning, Jan Willem, 1997. "Redesigning conditionality," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(9), pages 1399-1407, September.
  13. Tacconi, Luca, 2009. "Compensated successful efforts for avoided deforestation vs compensated reductions," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(8-9), pages 2469-2472, June.
  14. Jean-Jacques Laffont & Jean Tirole, 1993. "A Theory of Incentives in Procurement and Regulation," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262121743, December.
  15. Solenn Leplay & Jonah Busch & Philippe Delacote & Sophie Thoyer, 2011. "Implementation of national and international REDD mechanism under alternative payments for environemtal services: theory and illustration from Sumatra," Working Papers 11-02, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Feb 2011.
  16. Delacote, Philippe & Simonet, Gabriela, 2013. "Readiness and Avoided deforestation policies: on the use of the REDD fund," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12984, Paris Dauphine University.
  17. Charles Figuières & Estelle Midler, 2011. "Deforestation as an externality problem to be solved efficiently and fairly," Working Papers 11-17, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Aug 2011.
  18. Giovanni Maggi & Andres Rodriguez-Clare, 1995. "Costly Distortion of Information in Agency Problems," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 26(4), pages 675-689, Winter.
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