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Cost Padding in Regulated Monopolies

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Author Info

  • Spiros Bougheas

    (Department of Economics, Nottingham University)

  • Tim Worrall

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Keele University, Keele,)

Abstract

In this paper we consider a regulated monopoly that can pad its costs to increase its cost reimbursement. Even while padding is ineácient the optimal incentive scheme tolerates some padding of costs to reduce the information rents paid to low cost types. It is shown that high cost firms pad costs more than low cost ßrms. We also show that cost padding moves pricing away from Ramsay optimal pricing toward more monopolistic pricing rules. We show that when auditing of total costs is costly, low cost firms face a fixed price contract and engage in no cost padding. High cost ßrms do less well but do engage in padding to increase the verified cost. If padded costs can be audited at some cost, low cost types engage in cost padding but high cost types do not. We also endogenize the distribution of cost types by allowing firms to engage in a pre-contractual, non-observable or verißable cost-reducing investment. The firm adopts a mixed strategy and this determines the distribution of cost types at the contracting stage. An example is given to show how the equilibrium distribution is computed.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Keele University in its series Keele Department of Economics Discussion Papers (1995-2001) with number 2001/07.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2001
Date of revision: Nov 2001
Publication status: Published in
Handle: RePEc:kee:keeldp:2001/07

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Postal: Department of Economics, University of Keele, Keele, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG - United Kingdom
Phone: +44 (0)1782 584581
Fax: +44 (0)1782 717577
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Web page: http://www.keele.ac.uk/depts/ec/cer/
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Postal: Department of Economics, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG - United Kingdom
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Web: http://www.keele.ac.uk/depts/ec/cer/pubs_kerps.htm

Related research

Keywords: Regulation; cost padding; costly state falsißcation; costly state verification; endogenous screening.;

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References

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  1. Martin F. Hellwig, 2010. "Incentive Problems With Unidimensional Hidden Characteristics: A Unified Approach," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 78(4), pages 1201-1237, 07.
  2. Baron, David P & Myerson, Roger B, 1982. "Regulating a Monopolist with Unknown Costs," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 911-30, July.
  3. Lacker, J.M., 1989. "Optimal Contracts Under Costly State Falsification," Purdue University Economics Working Papers 956, Purdue University, Department of Economics.
  4. F. Gul, 2000. "Unobservable Investment and the Hold-Up Problem," Princeton Economic Theory Papers 00s10, Economics Department, Princeton University.
  5. Michael D. Grubb, 2009. "Selling to Overconfident Consumers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(5), pages 1770-1807, December.
  6. Jean-Jacques Laffont & Jean Tirole, 1993. "A Theory of Incentives in Procurement and Regulation," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262121743.
  7. Ilya Segal & Michael D. Whinston, 2002. "The Mirrlees Approach to Mechanism Design with Renegotiation (with Applications to Hold-up and Risk Sharing)," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(1), pages 1-45, January.
  8. Laffont, Jean-Jacques, 1992. "The New Economics of Regulation Ten Years After," IDEI Working Papers 22, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  9. Rauf Gönenç & Maria Maher & Giuseppe Nicoletti, 2000. "The Implementation and the Effects of Regulatory Reform: Past Experience and Current Issues," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 251, OECD Publishing.
  10. Daughety, Andrew F, 1984. "Regulation and Industrial Organization," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(5), pages 932-53, October.
  11. Keith J. Crocker & John Morgan, 1998. "Is Honesty the Best Policy? Curtailing Insurance Fraud through Optimal Incentive Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(2), pages 355-375, April.
  12. Monteiro, Paulo Klinger & Svaiter, Benar Fux, 2010. "Optimal auction with a general distribution: Virtual valuation without densities," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 21-31, January.
  13. Laffont, Jean-Jacques & Tirole, Jean, 1986. "Using Cost Observation to Regulate Firms," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(3), pages 614-41, June.
  14. Albon, Robert P & Kirby, Michael G, 1983. "Cost-Padding in Profit-Regulated Firms," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 59(164), pages 16-27, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Garret Kent Fellows, 2014. "Capital Input Decisions under Rate of Return Regulation," Working Papers 2014-37, Department of Economics, University of Calgary, revised 10 Feb 2014.

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