Civil War, Sexual Violence and HIV Infections: Evidence from the Democratic Republic of the Congo
AbstractThis paper estimates the effect of conflict and conflict-related vulnerability factors, namely sexual violence and economic vulnerability, on HIV prevalence rates. We find that HIV prevalence rates are higher in conflict-affected regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) than in non-conflict regions, and that sexual violence and economic vulnerability significantly affect HIV prevalence rates. Specifically we find that (i) HIV prevalence is 1.64 % higher in war-affected zones than elsewhere in the DRC; (ii) the impact of sexual violence in conflict-affected regions is 55 times greater than on average (1.10 % versus 0.02 %); (iii) Civil war and sexual violence jointly increase HIV infection rates by 1.45 %; (iv) Finally, economic conflict-related vulnerability does not explain HIV infection rates. In contrast, a one percent point decrease in the poverty incidence, that is a reduction in economic vulnerability, increases HIV prevalence rates by 0.048 % regardless of the situation of conflict.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Kansas, Department of Economics in its series WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS with number 201101.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2011
Date of revision: Jan 2011
AIDS; HIV; Civil war; sexual violence; DRC; Sub-Saharan Africa.;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2011-02-05 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2011-02-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2011-02-05 (Development)
- NEP-HEA-2011-02-05 (Health Economics)
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