Socio-economic status, sexual behavior, and differential AIDS mortality Evidence from Cˆote d’Ivoire
AbstractLack of knowledge about differential AIDS mortality seriously hampers the study of the economic impact of AIDS in developing countries, at both the macro and micro-economic levels. In this paper, we derive, we think, reasonable assumptions on mortality differentials by age, education, and other micro-economic characteristics by exploiting variables from the Ivorian Demographic and Health Survey. Finally these differentials are calibrated on UN demographic projections to obtain disaggregated mortality tables. Our model is based on econometrically estimated equations using commonly available individual characteristics, therefore it can be used to forecast mortality differentials for other surveys as well. A main result of our model is that educated people have a higher risk of dying of AIDS, because they are more likely to have several sexual partners. This effect is however partly offset by a higher probability of condom use relative to less educated people. The identification of the socio-economic characteristics of low and high risk groups seems indispensable to set up adequate AIDS prevention and therapy policies in developing countries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series HEW with number 0405003.
Length: 56 pages
Date of creation: 13 May 2004
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Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 56
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AIDS; Demographic and Health Survey; differential mortality; sexual behavior;
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- I - Health, Education, and Welfare
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2004-05-16 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2004-05-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-HEA-2004-05-16 (Health Economics)
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- Nicolas Couderc & Nicolas Drouhin & Bruno Ventelou, 2006. "SIDA et croissance économique : le risque d'une « trappe épidémiologique »," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 0(5), pages 697-715.
- Kenneth Harttgen, 2007. "The Impact of HIV on Children´s Welfare," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 157, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
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