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School education and HIV control in sub-Saharan Africa: from discord to harmony?

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  • Simon Gregson
  • Heather Waddell

    (Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK)

  • Stephen Chandiwana

    (Biomedical Research and Training Institute, Harare, Zimbabwe)

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    Abstract

    HIV is widely regarded as a disease of poverty and ignorance. However, within sub-Saharan Africa, more developed countries and sub-populations appear to have higher levels of HIV prevalence. This paper considers the evidence and possible reasons for this, by focusing on the relationships between education and the spread of HIV at the macro and micro levels. It is concluded that more educated populations are initially particularly vulnerable to HIV but are also better equipped to mount effective responses. Expanding provision of and access to secondary education could facilitate HIV control but is severely hampered by the morbidity and mortality effects of HIV epidemics. Efforts to sustain and increase education levels and to reduce HIV infections should therefore be mutually re-enforcing but will require extensive resources. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of International Development.

    Volume (Year): 13 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 467-485

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:13:y:2001:i:4:p:467-485

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    Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/5102/home

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    References

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    1. Gregson, Simon & Zhuwau, Tom & Anderson, Roy M. & Chandiwana, Stephen K., 1998. "Is there evidence for behaviour change in response to AIDS in rural Zimbabwe?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 321-330, February.
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    Cited by:
    1. Yamano, Takashi & Jayne, Thomas S., 2004. "Working-age Adult Mortality and Primary School Attendance in Rural Kenya," Food Security Collaborative Policy Briefs 54645, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    2. Barbara Bruns & Alain Mingat & Ramahatra Rakotomalala, 2003. "Achieving Universal Primary Education by 2015 : A Chance for Every Child," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15121, January.
    3. Kalonda-Kanyama, Isaac, 2010. "Civil war, sexual violence and HIV infections: Evidence from the Democratic Republic of the Congo," MPRA Paper 47579, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Anthony Kinghorn & MJ Kelly, 2005. "'The Impact of the Aids Epidemic' Articles by Paul Bennell: Some Comments," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(3), pages 489-499.
    5. Wobst, Peter & Arndt, Channing, 2004. "HIV/AIDS and Labor Force Upgrading in Tanzania," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(11), pages 1831-1847, November.
    6. Chapoto, Antony & Kirimi, Lilian & Kadiyala, Suneetha, 2012. "Poverty and Prime-Age Mortality in Eastern and Southern Africa: Evidence from Zambia and Kenya," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(9), pages 1839-1853.
    7. Geoff P Garnett & Nicholas C Grassly & Simon Gregson, 2001. "AIDS: the makings of a development disaster?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(4), pages 391-409.
    8. repec:ilo:ilowps:376169 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. World Bank, 2002. "Education and HIV / AIDS : A Window of Hope," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14073, January.
    10. Arndt, Channing & Wobst, Peter, 2002. "HIV/AIDS and labor markets in Tanzania," TMD discussion papers 102, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    11. Chapoto, Antony & Jayne, Thomas S., 2005. "Characteristics of Individuals Afflicted by AIDS-related Mortality in Zambia," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 54472, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    12. de Walque, Damien, 2007. "How does the impact of an HIV/AIDS information campaign vary with educational attainment? Evidence from rural Uganda," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 686-714, November.
    13. Mather, David, 2011. "Poverty, AIDS, Orphanhood, Gender, and Child Schooling in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review of the Evidence," Food Security International Development Working Papers 119319, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    14. Arndt, Channing, 2002. "HIV/AIDS, human capital, and economic prospects for Mozambique," TMD discussion papers 88, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    15. Chapoto, Antony & Jayne, Thomas S., 2005. "Impact of HIV/AIDS-Related Deaths on Rural Farm Households' Welfare in Zambia: Implications for Poverty Reduction Strategies," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 54473, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    16. Denis Cogneau & Michael Grimm, 2006. "Socioeconomic status, sexual behavior, and differential AIDS mortality: evidence from Côte d’Ivoire," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 25(4), pages 393-407, August.
    17. Lakhanpal, Manisha & Ram, Rati, 2008. "Educational attainment and HIV/AIDS prevalence: A cross-country study," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 14-21, February.
    18. Michael Grimm & Denis Cogneau, 2004. "AIDS and income distribution in Africa. A micro-simulation study for Cˆote d’Ivoire," Labor and Demography 0408006, EconWPA.

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