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Socioeconomic status, sexual behavior, and differential AIDS mortality: evidence from Côte d’Ivoire

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  • Denis Cogneau

    ()

  • Michael Grimm

    ()

Abstract

Lack of knowledge about differential AIDS mortality seriously hampers the study of the economic impact of AIDS in developing countries. We derive HIV infection risk differentials by age, education, and other microeconomic characteristics using the Ivorian Demographic and Health Survey. Our model is based on econometrically estimated equations using commonly available variables, therefore it can be used whenever such a survey is available but there is no representative information about HIV infection by socioeconomic group. For instance, we found that educated people have a higher risk of HIV infection, because they are more likely to have several sexual partners. However, this effect is partly offset by a higher probability of condom use relative to less educated people. The identification of the socioeconomic characteristics of low and high risk groups seems indispensable to set up adequate AIDS prevention and therapy policies in developing countries. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11113-006-9008-3
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Population Research and Policy Review.

Volume (Year): 25 (2006)
Issue (Month): 4 (August)
Pages: 393-407

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Handle: RePEc:kap:poprpr:v:25:y:2006:i:4:p:393-407

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=102983

Related research

Keywords: AIDS; Demographic and Health Survey; Differential mortality; Sexual behavior;

References

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  1. Kremer, Michael, 1996. "Integrating Behavioral Choice into Epidemiological Models of AIDS," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 111(2), pages 549-73, May.
  2. Michael Grimm & Denis Cogneau, 2004. "AIDS and income distribution in Africa. A micro-simulation study for Cˆote d’Ivoire," Labor and Demography 0408006, EconWPA.
  3. Simon Gregson & Heather Waddell & Stephen Chandiwana, 2001. "School education and HIV control in sub-Saharan Africa: from discord to harmony?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(4), pages 467-485.
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