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The Truth, the Whole Truth, and Nothing but the Truth A Multiple Country Test of an Oath Script

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Author Info

  • Fredrik Carlsson

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg)

  • Mitesh Kataria

    ()
    (Max Planck Institute of Economics, Jena)

  • Alan Krupnick

    ()
    (Resources for the Future, Washington)

  • Elina Lampi

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg)

  • Asa Löfgren

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg)

  • Ping Qin

    ()
    (Peking University, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering)

  • Thomas Sterner

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg)

  • Susie Chung

    ()
    (Resources for the Future, Washington)

Abstract

Hypothetical bias is one of the main issues bedeviling the field of nonmarket valuation. The general criticism is that survey responses reflect how people would like to behave, rather than how they actually behave. In our study of climate change and emissions reductions, we took advantage of the increasing bulk of evidence from psychology and economics that addresses the effects of making promises, in order to investigate the effect of an oath script in a contingent valuation survey. The survey was conducted in Sweden and China, and its results indicate that an oath script has significant effects on respondent behavior in answering willingness-to-pay (WTP) questions, some of which vary by country. In both countries, the share of zero WTP responses and extremely high WTP responses decreases when an oath script is used, which also results in lower variance. In China, the oath script also reduces the average WTP, cutting it by half in certain instances. We also found that the oath script has different impacts on various respondent groups. For example, without the oath script, Communist party members in China are more likely than others to have a positive WTP for emissions reductions, but with the oath script, there is no longer any difference between the groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics in its series Jena Economic Research Papers with number 2010-076.

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Date of creation: 09 Nov 2010
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Handle: RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2010-076

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Keywords: Oath script; hypothetical bias; willingness to pay;

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Cited by:
  1. Mitesh Kataria & Fabian Winter, 2012. "Third Party Assessments in Trust Problems with Conflict of Interest: An Experiment on the Effects of Promises," Jena Economic Research Papers 2012-067, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  2. Hermann Pythagore Pierre Donfouet & Pierre-Alexandre Mahieu & Eric Malin, 2011. "Using Respondents’ Uncertainty Scores to Mitigate Hypothetical Bias in Community-Based Health Insurance Studies," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201129, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.

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