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Motives behind Community Participation

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Author Info

  • Shoji, Masahiro
  • Aoyagi, Keitaro
  • Kasahara, Ryuji
  • Sawada, Yasuyuki

Abstract

This study tests alternative hypotheses concerning the motivations behind the participation by rural households in community work. Using unique data from natural and field experiments in southern Sri Lanka, where irrigated fields have been allocated to farmers by government lottery, we compare quantitatively five possible motives behind community participation: public goods investment, general social capital accumulation, production network formation, risk sharing network formation, and pure altruism. Our empirical results show that community participation patterns are consistent with social capital accumulation behavior to form risk sharing networks. Only a few studies have investigated empirically the process of social capital formation, and our analysis fills the gap in the literature. Our findings also suggest the possibility of a poverty trap: facing negative shocks, poor households may have difficulty in finding time for social capital accumulation and risk sharing network formation; this, in turn, may cause them to become more vulnerable and even poorer.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10685/34
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File URL: http://repository.ri.jica.go.jp/dspace/bitstream/10685/34/1/JICA-RI_WP_No.16_2010.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by JICA Research Institute in its series Working Papers with number 16.

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Date of creation: 19 Jun 2010
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Handle: RePEc:jic:wpaper:16

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Keywords: Community participation ; Social capital ; Network formation ; Risk sharing;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

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  1. Bandiera, Oriana & Rasul, Imran, 2002. "Social Networks and Technology Adoption in Northern Mozambique," CEPR Discussion Papers 3341, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Sawada, Yasuyuki & Shoji, Masahiro & Sugawara, Shinya & Shinkai, Naoko, 2010. "The Role of Infrastructure in Mitigating Poverty Dynamics:The Case of an Irrigation Project in Sri Lanka," Working Papers 4, JICA Research Institute.
  3. Banerjee, Abhijit V. & Banerji, Rukmini & Duflo, Esther & Glennerster, Rachel & Khemani, Stuti, 2008. "Pitfalls of participatory programs : evidence from a randomized evaluation in education in India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4584, The World Bank.
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  18. Harounan Kaziango, 2004. "Motives for Household Private Transfers in Burkina Faso," Working Papers 895, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  19. Lisa R. Anderson & Jennifer M. Mellor & Jeffrey Milyo, 2004. "Inequality and Public Good Provision: An Experimental Analysis," Working Papers 12, Department of Economics, College of William and Mary.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Tsusaka, Takuji W. & Kajisa, Kei & Pede, Valerien O. & Aoyagi, Keitaro, 2013. "Neighbourhood effects and social behaviour: the case of irrigated and rainfed farmeres in Bohol, the Philippines," MPRA Paper 50130, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Yasuyuki Sawada & Ryuji Kasahara & Keitaro Aoyagi & Masahiro Shoji & Mika Ueyama, 2013. "Modes of Collective Action in Village Economies: Evidence from Natural and Artefactual Field Experiments in a Developing Country," Asian Development Review, MIT Press, vol. 30(1), pages 31-51, March.
  3. Aida, Takeshi, 2011. "Social Capital as an Instrument for Common Pool Resource Management:A Case Study of Irrigation Management in Sri Lanka," Working Papers 33, JICA Research Institute.
  4. Shoji, Masahiro & Aoyagi, Keitaro & Kasahara, Ryuji & Sawada, Yasuyuki & Ueyama, Mika, 2010. "Social Capital Formation in an Imperfect Credit Market," Working Papers 3, JICA Research Institute.

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