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An Analysis of the Impact of Socioeconomic Disadvantage and School Quality on the Probability of School Dropout

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  • Mahuteau, Stéphane

    ()
    (NILS, Flinders University)

  • Mavromaras, Kostas G.

    ()
    (NILS, Flinders University)

Abstract

PISA scores are an internationally established indicator of student and school performance. This paper builds on the evidence that better PISA scores are known to be associated with better later life outcomes. It uses the Australian PISA micro-level data in combination with its longitudinal continuation in the LSAY data, to measure the degree to which individual PISA scores are associated with individual early school dropouts. It distinguishes between student and school factors and estimates a model of the propensity to drop out from school between ages 15 and 18. The paper finds that PISA scores are a good predictor of early dropout, and that individual and social disadvantage plays a crucial role in this relationship both directly and indirectly.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7566.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: forthcoming in: Education Economics, 2014
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7566

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Related research

Keywords: student outcomes; school dropout; socioeconomic disadvantage; PISA; multilevel modelling;

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  1. Rumberger, Russell W. & Lamb, Stephen P., 2003. "The early employment and further education experiences of high school dropouts: a comparative study of the United States and Australia," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 353-366, August.
  2. Van de Ven, Wynand P. M. M. & Van Praag, Bernard M. S., 1981. "The demand for deductibles in private health insurance : A probit model with sample selection," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 229-252, November.
  3. Kathryn Wilson & Barbara Wolfe & Robert Haveman, 2005. "The Role of Expectations in Adolescent Schooling Choices: Do Youths Respond to Economic Incentives?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 43(3), pages 467-492, July.
  4. Dewey, James & Husted, Thomas A. & Kenny, Lawrence W., 1999. "The ineffectiveness of school inputs: a product of misspecification?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 27-45, February.
  5. Zvi Eckstein & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 1999. "Why Youths Drop Out of High School: The Impact of Preferences, Opportunities, and Abilities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 67(6), pages 1295-1340, November.
  6. Oreopoulos, Philip, 2007. "Do dropouts drop out too soon? Wealth, health and happiness from compulsory schooling," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 91(11-12), pages 2213-2229, December.
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