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Income Inequality and Health: Lessons from a Refugee Residential Assignment Program

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Author Info

  • Grönqvist, Hans

    ()
    (SOFI, Stockholm University)

  • Johansson, Per

    ()
    (IFAU)

  • Niknami, Susan

    ()
    (SOFI, Stockholm University)

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of income inequality on health for a group of particularly disadvantaged individuals: refugees. Our analysis draws on longitudinal hospitalization records coupled with a settlement policy where Swedish authorities assigned newly arrived refugees to their first area of residence. The policy was implemented in a way that provides a source of plausibly random variation in initial location. The results reveal no statistically significant effect of income inequality on the risk of being hospitalized. This finding holds also for most population subgroups and when separating between different types of diagnoses. Our estimates are precise enough to rule out large effects of income inequality on health.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6554.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: May 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Health Economics 2012, 31 (4), 617-629
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6554

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Keywords: quasi-experiment; immigration; income inequality;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Jonathan Wadsworth, 2013. "Mustn't Grumble: Immigration, Health and Health Service Use in the UK and Germany," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 34(1), pages 55-82, 03.
  2. Jonathan Wadsworth, 2012. "Musn’t Grumble. Immigration, Health and Health Service Use in the UK and Germany," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1221, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  3. Nekby, Lena & Pettersson-Lidbom, Per, 2012. "Revisiting the Relationship between Ethnic Diversity and Preferences for Redistribution," Research Papers in Economics 2012:9, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  4. Owen O'Donnell & Eddy Van Doorslaer & Tom Van Ourti, 2013. "Health and Inequality," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-170/V, Tinbergen Institute.

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