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Evidence of Ethnic Discrimination in the Swedish Labor Market Using Experimental Data

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  • Carlsson, Magnus

    ()
    (Linnaeus University)

  • Rooth, Dan-Olof

    ()
    (Linnaeus University)

Abstract

We present experimental evidence for recruitment discrimination against men with an Arabic sounding name. Our results show that every fourth employer discriminates against the minority. However, simulations indicate that ethnic discrimination is only responsible for less than one sixth of the native-immigrant unemployment gap. We extend previous analyses using this method by interviewing employers. We find that discriminatory employers have, to a greater extent, a male responsible for recruitment and a share of male employees greater than 35 percent. Firms that have an ethnic multitude plan were not found to discriminate less than other firms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2281.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Labour Economics, 2007, 14 (4), 716-729
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2281

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Keywords: exit from unemployment; ethnic discrimination;

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References

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  1. Doris Weichselbaumer, 2003. "Sexual orientation discrimination in hiring," Natural Field Experiments, The Field Experiments Website 00340, The Field Experiments Website.
  2. Carlsson, Magnus & Rooth, Dan-Olof, 2006. "Evidence of Ethnic Discrimination in the Swedish Labor Market Using Experimental Data," IZA Discussion Papers 2281, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Altonji, Joseph G. & Blank, Rebecca M., 1999. "Race and gender in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics, Elsevier, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 48, pages 3143-3259 Elsevier.
  4. Dale Mortensen, 1984. "Job Search and Labor Market Analysis," Discussion Papers, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science 594, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  5. P. A. Riach & J. Rich, 2002. "Field Experiments of Discrimination in the Market Place," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(483), pages 480-518, November.
  6. Marianne Bertrand & Sendhil Mullainathan, 2003. "Are Emily and Greg More Employable than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination," NBER Working Papers 9873, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Peter A. Riach & Judith Rich, 2004. "Deceptive Field Experiments of Discrimination: Are they Ethical?," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 457-470, 08.
  8. James J. Heckman, 1998. "Detecting Discrimination," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 101-116, Spring.
  9. Edin, Per-Anders & Lagerström, Jonas, 2006. "Blind dates: quasi-experimental evidence on discrimination," Working Paper Series, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy 2006:4, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
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