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Wage Distribution In Spain, 1994-1999: An Application Of A Flexible Estimator Of Conditional Distributions

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Author Info

  • Juan Mora

    ()
    (Universidad de Alicante)

  • Antonia Febrer

    (Universidad de Alicante)

Abstract

To investigate the trends in wages in Spain in 1994-1999, we propose a flexible estimator of conditional distributions. The estimator, based on a piecewise-linear specification of the conditional hazard function, allows us to capture almost any underlying relationship and is unaffected by the curse of dimensionality. Our results reveal that the main changes in the labor market involved graduate workers entering the labor market: the ¿overeducation¿ phenomenon intensified in Spain between 1994 and 1999, provoking a decrease in returns to schooling at higher levels of education. En este trabajo proponemos analizar la evolución de los salarios en España entre 1994 y 1999 utilizando un estimador flexible de las distribuciones condicionales. Este estimador, basado en una especificación lineal a tramos de la función de razón de fallo condicional, permite captar casi cualquier relación subyacente, y no se ve afectado por la maldición de la dimensionalidad. Los resultados que obtenemos muestran que los cambios más importantes en el mercado laboral se han producido en el grupo de los trabajadores con estudios superiores que entran al mercado laboral. En concreto, se observa que el fenómeno de “sobreeducación” se intensificó en España entre 1994 y 1999, provocando un descenso de los rendimientos de la educación en los niveles de educación superiores.

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File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-2005-04.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2005-04.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2005
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2005-04

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Keywords: Estimación basada en la función de fallo; Distribución salarial Hazard-Based Estimation; Wage Distribution;

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References

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  1. Bruce D. Meyer, 1988. "Unemployment Insurance And Unemployment Spells," NBER Working Papers 2546, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Koenker,Roger, 2005. "Quantile Regression," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521608275.
  3. Donald W. K. Andrews, 1997. "A Conditional Kolmogorov Test," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(5), pages 1097-1128, September.
  4. Fortin, N.M. & Lemieux, T., 1996. "Rank Regressions, Wage Distributions and the Gender Gap," Cahiers de recherche 9607, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  5. Zheng, John Xu, 2000. "A Consistent Test Of Conditional Parametric Distributions," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(05), pages 667-691, October.
  6. Donald, Stephen G & Green, David A & Paarsch, Harry J, 2000. "Differences in Wage Distributions between Canada and the United States: An Application of a Flexible Estimator of Distribution Functions in the Presence of Covariates," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(4), pages 609-33, October.
  7. Jushan Bai, 2003. "Testing Parametric Conditional Distributions of Dynamic Models," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(3), pages 531-549, August.
  8. Rubb, Stephen, 2003. "Overeducation: a short or long run phenomenon for individuals?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 389-394, August.
  9. Alba-Ramirez, Alfonso & San Segundo, Maria Jesus, 1995. "The returns to education in Spain," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 155-166, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Aitor Lacuesta & Mario Izquierdo, 2012. "The contribution of changes in employment composition and relative returns to the evolution of wage inequality: the case of Spain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 25(2), pages 511-543, January.
  2. Alvaredo, Facundo & Saez, Emmanuel, 2006. "Income and Wealth Concentration in Spain in a Historical and Fiscal Perspective," CEPR Discussion Papers 5836, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00587714 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Aitor Lacuesta & Sergio Puente & Pilar Cuadrado, 2009. "Omitted variables in the measure of a labour quality index: the case of Spain," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0835, Banco de Espa�a.

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