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A Researcher's Guide to the Swedish Compulsory School Reform

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  • Holmlund, Helena

    ()
    (Centre for Economic Performance)

Abstract

When studying different types of returns to education, educational reforms are commonly used in the economics literature as a source of exogenous variation in education. The Swedish compulsory school reform is one example; the reform extended compulsory education throughout the country, in different municipalities at different points in time. Such variation across cohorts and regions can be used in a differences-in-differences framework, in order to estimate causal effects of education. This paper provides a guide to researchers who consider using the Swedish reform in an empirical analysis: I present a description and background of the reform, provide some baseline results, a reliability analysis of the reform coding, a discussion of whether the reform is a valid instrument, and comment on the interpretation of IV estimates of returns to schooling.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Swedish Institute for Social Research in its series Working Paper Series with number 9/2007.

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Length: 51 pages
Date of creation: 09 Jul 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:sofiwp:2007_009

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Keywords: educational reform; instrumental variables;

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  1. Pekkarinen, Tuomas & Pekkala, Sari & Uusitalo, Roope, 2006. "Educational policy and intergenerational income mobility: evidence from the Finnish comprehensive school reform," Working Paper Series, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy 2006:13, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  2. John Shea, 1996. "Instrument Relevance in Multivariate Linear Models: A Simple Measure," NBER Technical Working Papers 0193, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Martina Viarengo, 2007. "An historical analysis of the expansion of compulsory schooling in Europe after the Second World War," Economic History Working Papers, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History 4286, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
  4. Arnaud Chevalier, 2004. "Parental Education And Child's Education: A Natural Experiment," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2004, Royal Economic Society 42, Royal Economic Society.
  5. Ann Huff Stevens & Marianne Page & Philip Oreopoulos, 2005. "The Intergenerational Effects of Compulsory Schooling," Working Papers, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics 519, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  6. Maurin, Eric & McNally, Sandra, 2005. "Vive la Révolution! Long Term Returns of 1968 to the Angry Students," IZA Discussion Papers 1504, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Daron Acemoglu & Joshua Angrist, 1999. "How Large are the Social Returns to Education? Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws," NBER Working Papers 7444, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Mikael Lindahl & Alan B. Krueger, 2001. "Education for Growth: Why and for Whom?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 39(4), pages 1101-1136, December.
  9. Aigner, Dennis J., 1973. "Regression with a binary independent variable subject to errors of observation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 49-59, March.
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